"I am the woman."
Translation:Io sono la donna.
"Lo" is for masculine nouns starting with one of the following: z, gn, ps, or s+consonant.
"La" is for feminine nouns.
"il" is for all masculine nouns that "lo" does not apply to.
L' is for nouns starting with a vowel, regardless of gender.
Those were all for SINGULAR nouns. Here are the plural: "Gli" is for the plurals of 'lo' and masculine nouns beginning with a vowel.
"Le" is for ALL feminine nouns.
"i" is for the plurals of "il" nouns.
For un, uno, una, and un': "Uno" is for masculine nouns starting with one of the following: z, gn, ps, or s+consonant, same as for "Lo".
"Un" is for all other masculine nouns.
Un' is for feminine nouns starting with a vowel.
"Una" is for feminine nouns starting with a consonant.
Singular masculine nouns end with 'o', Feminine nouns end with 'a'. You have to learn the gender of words ending in 'e'; words ending in "-zione" are feminine and words ending in "-ore" are masculine.
Pluralizations work like this: a→e o→i e→i
This is my very first lesson and I just have learned the words boy, girl, man, woman and then I should translate this sentence without the new vocabulary for I am. I chose the right words, but only by chance, and obviously one should learn by a "try and error" mode.
This exercise is specifically for beginners, those who may have no knowledge of the language. For example, it teaches you the pronoun, the verb form, and the noun with its article. It is useful in acquiring the most basic knowledge and vocabulary. It's treating you -- in respect -- like a child.
Una/uno/un mean "a" and la/lo/l' mean "the". That said, in this case
Io sono una donna = I am a woman. You are just telling your gender.
Io sono la donna = I am the woman. It's not that common, you might use it to stress that you are "the woman" in a couple. Let's say, you are at the door of a restaurant and your man gets in first, or some similar situation in which chivalry is expected from your man. In that case it would more common to rephrase it as Sono io la donna! or La donna sono io!.
What Hiya197578 said is true of French, but not Italian.
In Italian, l' is used for all nouns starting with a vowel, regardless of masculine or feminine, but "le" is the plural form for all feminine nouns - including both "la" and l'. However, when l' is used for masculine nouns, the plural is "gli". Example:
la ragazza (the girl) > le ragazze
l'amica (the friend) > le amiche
l'insetto (the insect) > gli insetti
The other words for "the" are:
"Lo" is used for masculine nouns starting with "z", "gn", "s+consonant", and a few rarer consonant combinations. The plural of "Lo" is "gli".
"il" is used for all other masculine nouns. The plural of "il" is "i".