https://www.duolingo.com/DanStrat1

er vermute?

"Johnson selbst erklärte einem Journalisten gegenüber, er vermute Fidel Castro hinter dem Attentat. "

Ist "vermute" in Ordnung hier?

Ich hätte "vermutete" erwartet.

September 19, 2016

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/christian

Reported speech requires the subjunctive.

https://coerll.utexas.edu/gg/gr/vsub_04.html

September 19, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/MissDriss4ever

vermute ist richtig.

September 19, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/jzsuzsi

But...why? If the verb is vermuten=to assume, to suspect

September 19, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/AbunPang
Mod
  • 124

vermute is not present tense here, it's subjunctive 1 (Ger.: Konjunktiv I) because it's reported speech. It shows that what is said (that the journalist suspects Fidel Castro to be behind the attack) is the words of the speaker/writer themselves but they are quoting what somebody else said.

The subjunctive 1 is often extremely similar to the present tense. For vermuten for example, all forms are the same except the third person singular which doesn't have the final -t in subjunctive.

To be fair, subjunctive, especially subjunctive 1, is not very common in everyday speech anymore, which is why these conjugation patterns are the only ones even German children are actually taught in school to make sure they know how to use them. Fortunately the subjunctive 1 is very regular: Its forms are always derived from the present/infinitive stem (in this case arbeit-) and have the endings (ich) -e, (du) -est, (er/sie/es) -e, (wir) -en, (ihr) -et, (sie) -en (in the case of sein the -e is deleted where there is no consonant following: sei instead of seie, but apart from that even sein follows the pattern regularly: (ich sei,) du seiest, (er/sie/es sei), wir seien, ihr seiet, sie seien).

Hope that helps.

September 19, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/jzsuzsi

Thank you!

September 19, 2016
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