Duolingo should have alphabet books. I love making foreign language alphabet books.
So I have a question. I'm trying to understand what each letter sounds individually. But the Greek 'ο' sounds the same as the 'ω'? They both sound like an oo to me. Is that correct?
This confused me too, but according to this page (http://www.foundalis.com/lan/grkalpha.htm) it's because they were two different sounds in ancient Greek that have ended up sounding the same in the modern language! Omicron was a short "o" as in "got" and omega was a long o like the "aw" in "law. Nowadays both are "o" as in "got".
The three "i" sounds (ι η υ) have a similar background :)
I think it would better to use IPA than letters of an English word, which can be pronounced many different ways.
Omicron (Ο/ο) was and is /o/. Omega (Ω/ω) went from /ɔː/ to /o/.
Iota (Ι/ι) was and is /i/. Ēta (Η/η) went from /ɛː/ to /i/. Ypsilon (Υ/υ) went from /y/ to /i/.
And then there's the consonants and diphthongs. Hope that helps.
In German "ß" and "ss" sound the same.
In Polish: "rz" and "ż", "h" and "ch", "ó" and "u". The same story: there were two different sounds, one of them no longer exists in the language, but the difference remains in ortography.
"ß" and "ss" sound the same in German but "ß" lengthens the preceding vowel. So "Maße" (measurements) has a long a while "Masse" (mass) has a short a.
You will need to learn every word with its spelling, there are some rules but they are not enough to explain why words are spelled the way they are. Something you will see for example in the next lessons is that active voice verbs in the first person always end in -ω, like κάνω-to do, θέλω-to want. No exceptions.
that letter is Omega (ω), and it is pronounced «o». The same happens with Omicron (ο), and it's also pronounced «o».
So in the pronunciation you won't find any differences. What is different is when to use them in Greek.
More info about this case, as I asked to a Greek friend:
[26/7 11:39] Pavlos Nikolau: But ξυλόφωνο the second word is φωνή which means voice and its written with ω [26/7 11:39] Pavlos Nikolau: The second o is because of the nature of the word. τΟ ξυλόφωνΟ [26/7 11:40] Pavlos Nikolau: This is not male or female and the words whose have no sex in greek language are written with omicron in the end.
So if its neuter (το ...) in the end it will have omicron.
I chose xylophone which was the correct answer but Duolingo said I'd chosen the incorrect answer