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Latin for Duolingo: Verbs Present Tense 3, Lesson 2

Salvete omnes! Welcome back to Latin for Duolingo. This is an ongoing, unofficial course in Latin; if you would like to catch up with previous lessons, you can find a directory, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at these links:

In last week’s lesson we covered verbs for “cost,” “don’t want,” “prefer,” and “become, be made.” We’ll add some more common verbs today, and review a few we’ve already learned. There are some verbs that may be confusing (e.g. raise a crop, raise a child, grow in size are three different verbs) or have multiple meanings (tollo can mean either lift up or take away).

New Vocabulary
aeroplanum, i (also aeronavis, is) = airplane
ignis, ignis, ignium (m.) = fire
volo, volare, volavi, volatus, 1 = fly (not to be confused with volo, velle, volui, irreg = wish/want)
rideo, ridēre, risi, risus, 2 = laugh
subrideo, subridēre, subrisi, subrisus, 2 = smile
accendo, accendere, accendi, accensus, 3 = turn on, kindle a light/lamp
colo, colere, colui, cultus, 3 = till, cultivate, grow (as a crop), tend
cresco, crescere, crevi, cretum, 3 = grow, increase
disco, discere, didici, discitus, 3 = learn, acquire knowledge/skill of/in
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus, 3 = set fire to, kindle, burn, make angry
pono, ponere, posui, positus, 3 (depono) = put, place, set, put down
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus, 3 = raise up, lift, take away

New Sentences
Avis volat. = The bird flies.
Insecta volant. = The insects fly.
Quomodo volas? In aeroplano volo. = How do you fly? I fly in an airplane.
Testudo volat. = A turtle flies (proverb for something impossible).
Volo volare. = I want to fly.
Lumen accendo. = I turn on the light. (use accendo to turn on or kindle a light or, by extension, another device, usually one that sheds light from above)
Paula computatrum accendit. = Paula turns on the computer.
Liberi omnia lumina accendunt. = The children turn on all the lights.
Ignis in foco fit. = A fire is made on the hearth.
Lucia ignem in foco incendit. = Lucia lights a fire on the hearth. (use incendo to start a fire or possibly a similar destructive force, such as anger).
Lucia epistulas incendit. = Lucia burns the letters.
Piratae mali urbem incendunt. = The bad pirates set fire to the city.
Marcus me incendit. = Marcus makes me angry.
Avia subridet, sed Avus ridet. = Grandmother smiles, but Grandfather laughs.
Subridemus, ridetis. = We smile, you (pl.) laugh.
Subrideo quod chocolatum mihi placet. = I smile because I like chocolate (chocolate pleases me).
Omnes canes subrident. = All the dogs are smiling.
Linguam Latinam disco. = I am learning Latin.
Multum in Duolingo discis/discitis. = You are learning a lot on Duolingo.
Lucia de Romā discit. = Lucia is learning about Rome.
Magister(doctor) docet; discipuli discunt. = The teacher teaches; the students learn.
Linguam Latinam in scholā discimus. = We are learning Latin in school.
Puer celeriter crescit. = The boy is growing quickly.
Crescisne? = Are you growing?
Pecunia in arboribus non crescit. = Money doesn’t grow on trees.
Liberi crescunt. = The children are growing.
Agricola frumentum colit. = The farmer cultivates grain.
Agricolae holera colunt. = The farmers are raising/growing vegetables.
Hortum meum colo. = I tend my garden.
Manum tollo. = I raise my hand.
Marcus librum tollit. = Marcus picks up the book./ Marcus takes away the book.
Paula filium suum tollit. = Paula is raising her son./ Paula lifts up her son./ Paula takes away her son.
Me de periculo tollo. = I take myself out of danger./ I remove myself from danger.
Te de periculo tollis. = You take yourself out of danger.
Se de periculo tollunt. = They take themselves out of danger.
Marcus claves tuas tollit (capit)! = Marcus is taking your keys!
Milites gladios ponunt. = The soldiers put down their swords.
Paula poculum ponit et patellam tollit. = Paula puts down the cup and picks up the plate.
modus tollens = taking away mode; modus ponens = placing/affirming mode

Quite a few verbs today, and more to come next time. One game I play with my students is to have a competition to identify English derivatives of our Latin words, especially verbs. How many derivatives can you find? Valete!

On to the next lesson: Verbs Present Tense, Lesson 3

September 21, 2016



Thank you so much for posting these. Currently, I'm learning Latin as a 7th language. I'm quite excited, but I have limited resources. Simply put, I have a Beginner's Classical Latin book to guide me along. I have also been watching Visual Latin episodes on YouTube. All in all, your lessons are yet a third resource! They have helped me out quite a bit. So, thank you! :)


Well, as a Brazilian Portuguese native speaker, I can say all the words are similar to the ones we also use. :) I really find incredible how similar the daughter languages can still be to Mother Latin. :)

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