Translation:There are different houses in Budapest: there are modern ones and old ones too.
The first things that come to mind for me are "different kinds" or "various kinds".
"Different" all by itself, as in, "There are different houses" is a problem because we immediately want to know, "...different from what?" It's only when you say "different kinds" that we realize the right meaning.
@vvsey: "Various" is one of the translations on szotar.sztaki.hu. My understanding of "különböző" was that it implied more generality than "various". Maybe the analogous phrase in English would be "various and sundry"? (I'm not necessarily suggesting this for Duolingo, though.)
@jsiehler: Yes, it's a little strange as "different" rather than "different kinds". I think that either "various" or "various kinds" would be correct, though.
No, actually, I think, "különböző" means "different". I would say "különféle" is more general.
különbözik - it differs
különböztet - differentiates
különbség - difference
You and I are wearing different hats. - Te és én különböző kalapban vagyunk.
I would say the word "különféle" is definitely the better choice here.
I wear various hats. - Különféle kalapokat hordok.
But the meanings of "különböző" and "különféle" are blending. Some people use "különböző" when it should be really "különféle". Incorrect it may be, but people do that. Or it may not even be incorrect at all, who knows.
The way @jsiehler mentions "... different from what?" does not really pop into mind on hearing "különböző" here. When I hear "különböző házak", I hear "these houses are not all the same - they differ from each other".
For the group of houses to be different from some other group of houses, maybe the words "másmilyen" or "eltérő" would be used.
But there are so many ways to say all this, it is difficult to say which one means what exactly. Hungarian can also add an extra word for "kinds" or "types", and can also use diifferent words altogether.
- különböző - different
- különböző féle/fajta - different kinds
- különféle (maybe coming from a blending of the above) - various
- sokféle - many kinds
- eltérő - different
- másmilyen - different (kind)
- másfajta - different kind
- mindenféle - all kinds, sundry
- változatos - varied (maybe various)
- többféle - various, sundry
It is not easy to map the minor differences (különbségeket) in meaning. My list can be contested.
This is probably something you can only really grasp in practice, listening to natives.
Yes, but in that case, you would probably leave out the "is" too, and in that case it would simply be the listing of different types of houses. "Budapesten különböző házak vannak: modernek és régiek." meaning "There are different houses in Budapest: modern ones and old ones."