"The silver is cheaper than the gold."
Translation:Το ασήμι είναι φθηνότερο από ό,τι ο χρυσός.
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There is a slight error in what you've written...it should be το ασήμι είναι φθηνότερα από τον χρύσο". "Τον" is required because χρύσο* is masculine.
Thank you for making the Report and for your comment it helps us keep on top of what's being used and perhaps needs explaining or clarifiction.
Wouldn't the alternative (that is, non ο,τι) version be ...από ο χρυσός? At least in English, what comes after the "than" is in the nominative case ("taller than I" is preferred--though less common--than "taller than me"). So the sentence is short for "Silver is cheaper than gold is," making "gold" a subject. But maybe Greek is different on this point of grammar.
It's either είναι φθηνότερο από τον χρυσό / αυτόν = it's cheaper than gold / him (accusative) or είναι φθηνότερο από ό,τι (είναι) ο χρυσός (nominative) = it's cheaper than what gold / he is (nominative).
The rule of thumb for Greek is that prepositions are followed by the accusative.
This is another really full site but it's so confounded complex and hard to access. I'm copy/pasting the relevant section. Again you may want to bookmark the link...just know there is Ancient Greek mixed in some area.
'οτι : that. Pronoun. Notice that I place no accent mark over this word, although it is disyllabic. This is an exception. The reason is that there is another word with the exact same three letters, ο, τ, ι, meaning "whatever", which I write with accent mark, like this: ότι. To differentiate between the two in writing, I write this οτι without accent mark (and there is actually no stress in speech on any of its two syllables when embedded in a phrase). However, a different convention has prevailed in actual writing practice in Modern Greek (to my utter chagrin!): you will see this word written with an accent mark: ότι (although as I mentioned it is not stressed in speech), whereas the one meaning "whatever" is written with a comma (and no space) after o, like this: ό,τι (this latter form was also the one used in the ancient language, reflecting the fact that the word was made of two constituents). The "whatever"-word is always stressed in speech. Which style do you prefer? I find mine more rational (it reflects the pronunciation), but go argue with Greeks, who take all the wrong decisions regarding their written language all the time!<'
Ό,τι" has been causing problems for a while and we have reported it and hope it's fixed soon. At least the program that grades the exercises didn't reject the whole sentence as it has done before. That's progress. In the meantime, you can work around it by using..."οτιδήποτε". Sorry, for the inconvenience.
Generally, yes. Some prepositions may be followed by the genitive case.
Here, we have ό,τι which replaces αυτό που = that what. The sentence actually says "Silver is cheaper than what the gold is". Se, there is a "hidden" accusative in ό,τι which is not declined though.
If you don't want to use ό,τι, you can say Το ασήμι είναι φθηνότερο από τον χρυσό, and here the accusative is obvious.
Oh, we know and we have reported it often. Duo is in the process of making some pretty awesome improvements and of course we expect this to be one of them.
Please use one of these
Το ασήμι είναι φθηνότερο από το χρυσό." it will be accepted.
We are sorry.
Sorry, for the inconvenience.
Hi, CFE -- The moderators aren't able to see your answers, unless you've already clicked "Report" at the bottom of the page where the rejection appeared; then clicked on the comment "My answer should be accepted; then "Submit."
I've found it also helps to copy the full response you gave and then paste it into your subsequent comment in the discussion forum. Best, Paul