"Su desayuno es una manzana."
Translation:His breakfast is an apple.
I think there's nothing determines "HE", Su can be his her your in this sentence. Am I right?
Spanish is a mascline language wich means it automatically assumes you are speaking about a male unless otherwise specified
You could have written his, her, it's, or their, and it would be correct. The only thing that would tell you it would be "his," is if your actually saying about a man, in real life. If you were to say it about a woman, it would be the same sentence. As well as for a rabbit, which would be "it's."
Its*. "It's" means it is, while "its" refers to a thing owning something :) By the way "su" can also mean your in the formal way.
can be her too. For he and she is the same adjetive possesive 'su'. this is his/her letter=esta es su carta.
Maybe it was a big apple. Like how the peach in James and the Giant Peach got big. Then again, that may be overkill. Too MUCH breakfast!
One good trick for remembering that "desayuno" means breakfast, is that the word "uno" is at the end of "desayuno" and breakfast is the first meal of the day.
Ok so why do you say su desayuno but when you refer to the meal objectively you have to say el desayuno like yo como el desayuno? Can I not apply the same rule of not using el for the latter and simply say yo como desayuno or is that a no no?
@philfahy - re: dropping the el from el desayuno...
¡Hola Phil! I wondered this myself. I remember a comment from a poster in one of the upcoming lesson. They said that, "every meal has its article attached." Everything that I've seen since, seem to bear that out.
I wrote, " His breakfast was the apple. They said I should of wrote one apple. Im unsure why it's wrong.
@msl2686 - re: His breakfast was the apple.
Hola msl. I used to make mistakes like this too. The problem here is with the tense of the verb and the article for the word apple.
If I'm not mistaken, (and I already don't think that I am) up to this point, Duolingo has only shown us one tense and one mood in Spanish. The tense would be Simple Present and the mood is Declarative.
You can search Google to learn more about Spanish tenses and moods (and compare and contrast them to English).
If you look back at what we've covered so far you will notice that the exercise sentences have verbs like; is, am, are, cook, cooks, eat, eats, drink, drinks, etc.
Some people want to use the present progressive tense ending "-ing" and get very frustrated to find that their answer is wrong. But the truth is, we haven't been shown how to structure a sentence in that tense yet. So "being", "cooking", "eating", "drinking", etc. are all going to be wrong up to this point.
When it comes to moods there are a few. But we are using the Declarative up to this point. The declarative mood in the simple present leads to some pretty straight forward statements. To some people, these types of sentences sound just plain old dumb. That is because there is only so much you can say with this sentence structure given a very limited vocabulary. You get stuff like;
A cat is an animal.
I am a penguin. (Or in my case an American Kestrel)
We are men.
She is a woman.
The man cooks fish.
The spider eats bread.
You get the point.
The other thing that we have learned is a very special group of adjectives called Articles. We were shown the Spanish Definite Articles and the Indefinite Articles. In English these would be "a", "an", and "the".
So with all that being said, we can see where the problem with, "His breakfast was the apple."
First, we have slipped into the Past Tense and are now talking about what, "was" instead of what, "is" (es).
The second problem is that we are now talking about a particular apple, "the" (el) apple instead just, "an" (una) apple.
I hope that helps. ☺
the apple = la manzana | an apple = una manzana - The articles are very important and not interchangeable.
Yes, su has got more than one meaning:
- Su = Your (formal).
- Su = His.
- Su = Her.
- Su = Your (plural, Latin America).
- Su = Their.
All for one single thing. If they are more, then it's "sus".
Since the lesson states "su" can be any gender, is it the o in desayuno that can make the translation "His breakfast..."?
No, "su" by itself means "de usted" (your), "de él" (his), "de ella" (her), "de ustedes" (your, plural), "de ellos" (their) and "de ellas" (their, feminine). Nouns doesn't change the gender of the pronouns. Also, it's only "desayuno", "desayuna" is the conjugation of the verb "desayunar" (to have a breakfast) in 2nd person of singular in formal way (usted desayuna) and in 3rd person of singular (él desayuna, ella dasayuna).
THANK YOU. You are the only person to have responded to my post (and this is the only post I have that received a response that was also helpful). Thank you, Yumi! This makes sense and confirms what I suspected... So, I've concluded it was a Duolingo error to restrict the translation to "he".
If su is multiple pronouns, what if i said "Me no gusta su palo." How would they know who I was talking about?
You are correct; the exact same sentence could mean his, her, its, or their depending on the situation.
Your breakfast is a apple should be right. "a" quantifies one. Why am I wrong?
tu is "your, familiar"
su is "your, formal"
su can also mean his, her, their - see the excellent post by Yumi.V in this discussion for more info.
Su desayuno es una manzana. His breakfast is one apple.
Is he a horse? Who eats JUST ONE APPLE for breakfast?
Why did the voice pronounce 'manzana' as 'man-s-ana'? Surely it should be pronounced man-th-ana.
Why is it desayuno? I thought with el, ella, usted, it should be like desayune. Ending in o is for yo?
Check out the lesson on a computer and Duolingo will explain more. Su is singular while sus is plural.
The reason is that "a apple" is wrong. "a" can't be used if the next word (which must be a noun) starts with a vowel. Try saying "a apple" and then "an apple". You should notice that it is a bit more difficult to say "a apple" than it is to say the one that rolls off the tongue with ease (which is "an apple").
"An apple" is the only correct way to say it in English.
I don't understand why the letter (a) doesn't apply for (una). I understand that uno or una means one in Spanish but using the letter (a) here which is a definite article in English and in this case would imply one apple should be acceptable.
I answered "Your breakfast is A Apple" But it says "One apple" Plz explain....
For some reason I've noticed that if the answer is a or an they frequently give the answer as one. Say if the answer is supposed to be a or an and you say the, it will often come back with one. If you said a and it was an you are probably not a native English speaker. It would be hard to make that mistake. But one does actually mean a or an iny experience. :-)
"A apple" is wrong. "Apple" begins with the sound of a vowel (a), so only "an apple" is correct.
1=uno not una so why does their have to be 1 in the english translation or una in the spanish translation??
Una manzana also means a apple. So why is it wrong to say Su desayuno es una manzana = Your breakfast is a apple instead of saying your breakfast is 1 apple?
"A apple" is wrong. "Apple" begins with the sound of a vowel, so only "an apple" is correct.
There needs to be another option other than "su" capitalized. I didn't know that should be the answer but I got it correct because it was the only capitalized option.