"Is your hat orange?"
Translation:Ton chapeau est-il orange ?
Have they taught us this yet? It seems like Duo has just thrown this est-il construction in here with no previous experience yet. Or did I just miss when they explained this? Kind of frustrating.
I can't speak to your experience, but I'm at level 9, and I've seen this construction multiple times. I'm still getting the hang of it (and when to use it), but I was familiar enough to recognize it here.
I'd never seen it before either...meaning, it was just introduced to us, right?!
I don't understand why "Est ton chapeau orange?" isn't a valid answer. I imagine I may be unaware of a French linguistic custom. I would appreciate any elucidation. Thanks.
It's just not a valid structure. It'll be like saying in English: "Is your orange hat?"
Overview of some rules for forming questions.
Correct - the noun subject ("ton chapeau") remains in front of the verb ("est") and is repeated after the verb in the form of a personal pronoun ("-il"):
- Ton chapeau est-il orange?
Correct - when used, "est-ce que" is placed before the subject ("ton chapeau") and there is no subject-verb inversion:
- Est-ce que ton chapeau est orange?
Incorrect - you do not invert a noun subject ("ton chapeau") and a verb ("est"):
- Est ton chapeau orange?
Inversion of subject and verb when "est-ce que" is not used. When "est-ce que" is not used, the subject and verb are inverted IF the subject is a personal pronoun (e.g. "il") or "ce" or "on":
- "Is it orange?" = "Est-il orange?"
- "Is this orange?" = "Est-ce orange?"
- "Is it difficult?" = "Est-ce difficile?"
There are restrictions on subject-verb inversions with the subject "je". But I won't go into that here.
If "est-ce que" means "is it," why do you need to say "est" again in the phrasing "Est-ce que ton chapeau est orange?"
You have answered the question yourself. It would equate to something like "Is it that your hat is orange?" It sounds weird in English, but that's how they structure questions in French sometimes.
"Is it that your hat is orange?" Is kind of like saying "Is it true that your hat is orange?" Or "Is it the case that your hat is orange?"
It's a great way to think about things to help clarify. In the English above, there there are two "is"s in both sentences (one for the into and one for describing the subject of the question)
In spoken French it is permissible to say "Your hat is orange" with an uptick on the last word to indicate to the listener that it's a question, not a statement. Duolingo can't hear this voice inflection, obviously, so stick with "est-ce que..." type of sentence structure for questions.
I reckoned "Ton chapeau, c'est rouge?" would be correct, but it wasn't. Can somebody provide me with a little insight?
i know this structure for a question but in previous lessons a statement followed with a question mark was the acceptable answer. threw me for a loop as well.
est-ce que votre chapeau est orange? That is what I put but there are other ways it could be said.
The way my old French prof explained it, "est-ce que" basically means, "Is it true that..." followed by a statement. So the sentence, in this case, would need to be "Est-ce que ton chapeau est orange?" (Is it true that your hat is orange?). As you've written it, it's more like, "Is it true that your orange hat?" which doesn't make much sense.
Est ce ton chapeau orange....why doesnt that work. So frustrating as never come across est ii ....
No it is not. The subject is "le chapeau", not vous, so "est" corresponds to the cap not you who owns the cap. Notice how "il" follows "est", which signifies the correspondence to the masculine noun "le chapeau".
I put "ton chapeau est orange?" The other translation was "... est-il orange" what's de difference?
Why "est-il orange ton chapeau is wrong?" I hear this construction a lot in France
"C'est orange, ton chapeau?" was not correct either. Would anyone care to explain why?