Translation:From his direction?
What is the "stem" word for Őfelőle? Is it "felől?" I don't think I've seen that word before. I might have seen it, but there are so many words that look similar that I'm not sure. I looked it up on szotar.net, and it means "about, concerning." So I guess the "ől" ending is from "ből?"
I'd love to see all these words from this skill laid out with conjugations (I, you, he, she, we, you, they) and their meanings, so I could drill them. Can anyone recognize a site that spells this out? Or at least describes the construction and its use enough so that I can make my own? Thanks.
Felől is the base here, correct. It's the counterpart to felé - towards, to the direction of. So felől means, at least in the directional sense, "from the direction of".
You might have stumbled on the more figurative meaning of felől in the task "Felőlem!", which is translated as "It's all the same to me". That's where this "concerning" translation comes from. "[Person] felől" ~ "[Person] doesn't mind".
The word in these exercises follow a pretty predictable pattern, so they shouldn't be too hard to memorise. I'll try to list the base forms first:
- elől, előtt, elé - from in front of, in front of, to in front of
- mögül, mögött, mögé - from behind, behind, to behind
- mellől, mellett, mellé - from beside, beside, to beside
- fölül/felül, fölött/felett, fölé - from over, over, to over (or "above")
- alól, alatt, alá - from under, under, to under (or "below")
- közül, között, közé - from between, between, to between
- körül, körülött*, köré - from around, around, to around
- felől, felé - from the direction of, towards
That should be all. All of these words also act as normal postpositions (Budapest felől - from the direction of Budapest), except for *körülött, which only exists as personal form: körülöttem, körülötted, and so on. The respective postposition is körül, which in that case can refer to both "around [something]" and "away from around [something]" - "[valami] körül".
Giving them the personal forms is pretty easy - just slap the respective possessive suffix at the end and you're good. A high-vowel example:
- előttem - in front of me
- előtted - in front of you (singular)
- előtte - in front of him/her/it
- előttünk - in front of us
- előttetek - in front of you (plural)
- előttük - in front of them
And low vowel:
- alólam - from under me
- alólad - from under you (singular)
- alóla - smth with Pokémon
- alólunk - from under us
- alólatok - from under you (plural)
- alóluk - from under them
This lesson comes before the lesson for possessive structures, right? Bit strange, but well. If the base word ends on a vowel, those suffixes look a bit different:
- mellém, melléd, mellé, mellénk, mellétek, melléjük
- alám, alád, alá, alánk, alátok, alájuk
And finally, for that extra bit of emphasis, you can put the respective pronoun in the front as well (ők becomes ő in that case):
- énfelém, tefeléd, őfelé, mifelénk, tifelétek, őfeléjük
- énalattam, tealattad, őalatta, mialattunk, tialattatok, őalattuk
This is terrific, thank you!!
(Is alóla the name of a Pokemon? I'm not exactly familiar with the characters. Don't have kids!)
"Alola" is the name of the region you play in the Sun and Moon Pokémon games. I have to giggle every time it comes up in a sentence here. :)
Wow, this is so complete! Thank you. I wish I could give lingots from my phone!
Btw how would one say, "in between?"
Is there any difference in English between "between" and "in between"? I'd still argue for között. Or do you have an example that you'd like to translate?
> "[Person] felől" ~ "[Person] doesn't mind".
So could this exercise also be translated as "Does he/she mind?" Or as a question does it not allow that interpretation?
I don't think it works as a question like that, except if you're baffled that the person in question allows it/doesn't mind. As a question it would be "Does he/she not mind?"