Past Tense [UK. GRAMMAR PORTAL]
Ukrainian is an East Slavic language spoken primarily in Western and Central Ukraine by 40 million people making it the third most spoken Slavic language by number of native speakers in the world!
If there is any words you don't understand please refer to the glossary
Also, I recommend you check out this post on the Present Tense
About The Past Tense
The past tense is pretty easy in Ukrainian. There are only two things you need to take into account.
- What gender is the person/object?
- Is the (pro)noun singular/plural?
Example - Мати - To have
- In the singular - The verb must agree with the (pro)nouns gender
I had -
Said By A Man - Я мав Said By A Woman - Я мала
You had (inf./sg.) -
If you're a male - Ти мав If you're a female - Ти мала
She had -
It had -
- In the plural, the verb only has one form
We had -
You had (f./pl.) -
They had -
I have a question about this part:
You had (inf./sg.) - If you're a male - Ти мав If you're a female - Ти мала
Does this mean "if you are a make who is speaking, then use the Ти мав, or if the person you are referring to as "you" is male then use the Ти мав?
If I, as a female, say to my son "You have a ball," would I use Ти мав or Ти мала?