"Dw i'n meddwl bod Siân yn hapus."
Translation:I think that Siân is happy.
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On macOS you just choose the built-in Welsh keyboard layout - same as the British one, but with modifier keys set to the common accented letters. On iOS, and I think on Android, you just keep a key pressed for a bit longer to bring up a choice of accented variants for that letter.
On Windows there may be a Welsh keyboard buried somewhere. This has some info - http://symbolcodes.tlt.psu.edu/keyboards/index.html - which might point you in the right direction. You could also look on the tech support websites of the Welsh universities, and I think that Hawaii and Brigham Young unis in the US also teach Welsh.
Not all computer fonts include ŵ and ŷ. I usually use Bookman Old Style which has them if you get a recent version of the font - it comes with macOS and also Win10, I think. Common fonts such as Arial, Palatino and the various Times fonts should have them, too.
On windows you can install the extended UK keyboard which allows you to easily type accented letters including the "alt gr" key and "6" to created letters with a circumflex. To install it, go in to "all settings", "Time and Language", "Region and Language", click on "English" and then "Options", "Add a keyboard" then scroll down to "United Kingdom Extended". If you need any help with how to type certain accentes needed for Welsh once you have it installed you can ask me. (This is all for windows 10 sorry, I don't know if it's available for earlier versions).
It doesn't really translate directly. Where in English we use 'that' (or nothing) to introduce a that-clause, in Welsh there are a number of patterns to be used depending on the tense and pattern of the sub-clause.
In this example, we use bod to introduce the sub-clause because the sub-clause is a normal (non-emphatic) clause, it is in the present or imperfect tense, and its subject is a noun rather than a pronoun.
See the course notes for more information. For example - https://www.duolingo.com/skill/cy/Opinions2/tips-and-notes To see how to find the course notes generally, go to https://forum.duolingo.com/topic/924/hot and read the discussion 'Course tips and notes'. The 'duome' link there is useful for browsing all the notes in one place. We recommend reading the notes for each new section as you start it.