You can usually do so in Greek as well:
- masculine: -ος -ας -ης
- feminine: -α -η; sometimes -ος
- neuter: -ι -ο -μα; sometimes -ος
-ος words can be any gender, but are most often masculine.
-α words: if they end in -μα they're (almost?) always neuter, otherwise almost all feminine. (Notable exception: το γάλα.)
Some words end in other endings (e.g. -υ -ου -ων -ες) and for those you can learn the gender with the word; they are not as common as the above.