https://www.duolingo.com/Anneysha7

Та, І and А

Anneysha7
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I completed the skill 'Letters 1'. In the skill, they introduced three words for and. They were 'та', 'і' and 'а'. It was mentioned in one of the discussions of the skill that 'та' and 'і' can be replaced according to needs. I completely understand how I can use them. When the third synonym 'а' appeared, I tried using it for the sentence: Я а мама. My answer was marked incorrect. I am not sure about how and when the synonyms of 'and' are used any more. I would also like to know whether there are more synonyms and how and where can I use them.

So, can you tell me where I was wrong and how the synonyms of 'and' are used? :)

2 years ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/TseDanylo
TseDanylo
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In Ukrainian, there are 4 words for and "і, а, та and й"

  • і, й and та are general words for and. Note, that й is used if the previous word ends in a vowel but this rule can be ignored.

  • а is used for contrast and is similar to the English whereas or yet For example; Мама і тато but Мама там а тато тут - "Mom is there **and/whereas/yet dad is there"

TL; DR

As a general rule і, й and та are usually fine anywhere but а is used pretty much anywhere where whereas would fit in English

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Anneysha7
Anneysha7
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Thank you for the clarification! :) I now understand the difference between the synonyms of and. :) So, to summarise, та can be used every where, і is usually used when there is a second word starting with I, a for contrast and й if the previous white ends in a vowel, right? :)

I have two more questions: The 'i' rule will not matter if the previous word ends with I, will it? The й rule will not matter if the next word begins with a vowel, will it?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TseDanylo
TseDanylo
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Sorry forgot to mention the whole "і mess" :D. Fixed it now. Yes, personally and since Ukrainians love to make the language flow by changing words if the previous/next word ends/starts with і then use та just to make it easier to say. Same goes for й and vowels. Here are some examples:

Similar Things

  • Джон та Ізабела з Англії - John and Isabella are from English
  • Я хочу бачити маму і тата - I want to see mam and dad
  • Де Катила й Павло - Where are Katyla and Paul (Pawlo = Ukrainian Version of Paul)

To make you feel a bit better, even natives get this wrong :)

Different things

  • Вікторіа дівчина а Віктор хлопчик - Victoria is a girl and/whereas Victor is a boy
2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
LICA98
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why is not маму і тата btw?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TseDanylo
TseDanylo
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Oh sorry. Thanks XD

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
LICA98
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also it's mom not mam xD

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TseDanylo
TseDanylo
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I'm Irish and we hate the words "mom", "mommy", "mum", "mummy", etc. "Mam" or "Mammy" are the way to go and are also accepted in the UK course

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
LICA98
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there's also й ;)

see here

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Anneysha7
Anneysha7
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Thank you so much for the link! :) It will take me time to read it, it's long and I might not understand all the rules instantly, but I will always refer it. I am glad that I know all the synonyms of and in Ukrainian right from the beginning. :)

2 years ago
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