German greetings during the day.
'Guten Tag' means 'Good day'. They generally use 'Hallo'. 'Guten Tag(day)/Morgen(morning)/Abend(afternoon) are more formal ways of greeting each other, though they can be made less formal by taking out the 'Guten'. So just say 'morning' or 'evening' when greeting someone you know well. It generally 'Hallo' that is used in everyday conversations.
Update: "Moin Moin Although "Moin Moin" sounds a little like Morgen, people in Hamburg, East Frisia and parts of Schleswig-Holstein use it all day to greet people, even at night. In Hessen a single "Moin" is used to say Guten Morgen. Grüß Gott Like Moin Moin, Grüß Gott is used at any time of the day in Bavaria and in the south of Baden-Württemberg. Hallo This is a word that sounds familiar, right? It is the most simple and casual way to say hello, especially to people you know. Grüß Dich Literally translated "greet you" is a German phrase to say hello to someone you know well. Use it only when you are "per Du" with someone. You can use Moin Moin, Hallo and Grüß Gott whether you are "per Du" or "per Sie" with someone. Although is fairly casual, it has become quite common to use "Hallo" in shops, at the doctor's, and restaurants." Info from http://www.germany-insider-facts.com/german-greetings.html
Update x2 http://www.linguajunkie.com/german/say-hello-in-german This source explains it well. Ignore the shortening of 'Abend', as a someone has rightly commented below. (Thank you) :)
Your welcome. German is a beautiful but difficult language to learn for many English speakers. Try listening to German music, it gets you used to the pronunciations of certain words. Glasperenspiel, Silbermond... There are lots, just search on YouTube. :) I tend to watch DVDs with German audio and English subtitles, then switch them round. Good luck.
Do you know any German bands? Actually I am native Spanish speaker, from Mexico!
The two I like best are Glasperenspiel and Silbermond, but there are much more as well as single artists. Download a German radio app from the App Store, they play various artists all the time.
Just search for the term "german music" in the Duo German forum and you'll find a thousand suggestions.
Not entirely true. While it's fine to say "Morgen!" instead of "Guten Morgen", for "Guten Tag" this is not common and for "Guten Abend" it's not usual.
In Bavaria, often people say "Grüß Gott" as a greeting (whole day).
Thanks. I know about not shortening Guten Tag, but I thought the shortening of 'Guten Abend was quite popular, especially amongst the younger generations since they are more likely to be less formal? Perhaps it depends on regions?
A Northern German colleague told me that the way to sound truly native is 'n Abend ... pronounced as if one word: "nabend".
Well... I come from the center of germany, in the east of Hesse.
Here we greet our colleagues with "Morgen" when we come to work. Sometimes (if tired) we pronounce it "Moang" or "Moin" like they do up north.
If you go for a stroll in the countryside and you meet someone who is walking the opposite direction or overtaking you, you sometimes just nod your head, but most times you say "Tag". . With buddies it is common to say "Tach" or "Tach auch".
In the evening you would greet someone with "n'Abend". So the N from "guten" remains in front of the Abend.
Wishing someone good night, we say "Nacht". But greeting someone during the night would either be "Hallo", "n'Abend" or "Morgen", depending on which half of the night it is.
I hope this gives you some insight into how different this might be within germany. Because a lot of comments usually tell you how it is spelled in Bavaria or in Lower Saxony, and I am just in the middle between those two.
In Switzerland we say "grüezi" (= Swiss german), that is "Ich begrüsse Sie", Englisch: "I am greeting you", India: "Namaste". In Norway, Sweden and Denmark: "Hei" or "hej", eventually only a "Hallo".
True. Also regional (Bavaria, Austria) and informal, it can mean both "hi" and "bye".
Guten abend means good evening not afternoon. at the afternnoon ist motly just guten tag. at about 6 in the evening you start saying good evening. and normly it is just moin in northern germany. moin moin ist gesabbel (babbeling) ;)