Why is the verb conjugation so complicated? is there a trick to understand it easily and remember?
There are verb conjugations for the verbs. :) You must be aware about regular and irregular Spanish verbs. Regular Spanish verbs follow a certain pattern (yay!) but, irregular verbs, you need to learn the conjugation for each verb, separately. I haven't come across irregular verbs yet, I need to advance a bit in my tree before I come across any, but as a French learner, I can assure you that sometimes, some irregular verbs follow a pattern. :) (Spanish learners, please verify this for me! :))
This link will help you understand the rules for conjugating Spanish verbs: http://studyspanish.com/verbs/lessons/pireg. :) It's really helpful and the rules are well illustrated. :)
P.S. Can you please change the forum to Spanish for English speakers? Further instructions on how to go about it here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/14754529. :)
Edit: You can also always refer to the conjugation for a verb by hovering on the verb and clicking on the green 'Conjugate' button in the drop-down list. It looks something like this:
When you click on the green button, you find a table with the verb conjugated in all the tenses! :)
They do follow a pattern, for the most part. Can is poder and to count is contar. I can is puedo and I count is cuento.
Thank you for verifying it for me. :) Did you come across irregular verbs? :)
I recommend the 501 Spanish Verbs book.
p.s. Poder and contar are considered to be irregular verbs, but you may detect some patterns even in the irregular verbs.
Gracias! :) I had a look at 501 Spanish verbs grammar book. I will purchase it soon. :) I guessed as much as that considering Spanish and French are similar languages. :)
I'd recommend the Dorothy Richmond book for verbs: Spanish Verb Tenses. It's very useful while doing Duolingo.
It explains the basics of each tense and how it is formed in Spanish, along with all the irregular versions. There are lots of exercises, if you want them, and it's a useful reference for later.
I'm just finishing my second time through the tree, and I got a lot more from it this time (like recognizing, if not quite remembering, the 6 irregular verbs in the present subjunctive) -- and there's still more to learn.
@auxbuss: Gracias for the recommendation. :) I will surely purchase it. :)
Oh no, those are irregular verbs. I'm sorry for not making it clear. Spanish has quite a few of them. I've already encountered some. Ser (to be) and tener (to have) are probably the most common irregulars.
To learn verbs I had to use repetition. Memrise is a good place for that type of thing.
No, no trick. But I promise that over time you'll become familiar with them. The thing that kept me going was remembering that there are only a finite number of them. (Personally, writing them down helps me, but that's not for everyone.)
I think that first time through the Duo tree there is so much to learn -- lots of vocab -- and also becoming aware of grammar and tenses and the seemingly odd things like personal a.
I'd not worry too much about it. After all, even in our own language we often struggle for the right word, at times.
Maybe I missed it, but I don't think anyone's mentioned yet that there are three classes of verbs, -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. Each type is conjugated somewhat differently. You should be able to find information about these patterns really easily either by using the sources already mentioned or just by searching on-line.
As has been mentioned, some verbs are irregular. They don't follow the standard conjugation forms for their class. Sometimes they deviate only slightly from the standard and sometimes they deviate quite a bit.