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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anneysha7

Hum Seekhenge Hindi Bhasha: Lesson 1

Introduction:

Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language with about 545 million speakers, 425 million of whom are native speakers.

It is one of the official languages of India and is the main language used in the northern states of Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar, and is spoken in much of north and central India alongside other languages such as Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi or Bengali.

In other parts of India, as well as in Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan, Hindi is understood, and there are a significant number of Hindi speakers in South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago and Nepal. In Fiji, people of Indian origin speak Hindi, and in some areas the Fijian people also speak it.

Hindi uses the devanagari script, and is always written left-to-right. The script is the first challenge you will be encountering while learning Hindi, and the only challenge I can think of. As you advance in Hindi, you will be able to grasp concepts easier. Hindi is written the way it is read, so once you are done learning with the letters of the Hindi alphabet, you must have no problem to read it. :)
Sounds cool, right? :)

I will be using the Duolingo Hindi reverse course so that this lesson is as effective as Duolingo’s. :) Plus, I will try my best to provide audios and videos, I don’t think one can learn languages without listening and learning to speak it. :)

The first few lessons will only focus on the Hindi script, pronunciation and reading, so let’s learn to speak first and read later! :)

I mean to go slowly and consistently with the teaching process. Language learning is no race! :)

Concepts
स्वर और व्यंजन (svar aur vyanjan; svar and vyanjan)

The Hindi alphabet is divided into two types.
1)Svar
2)Vyanjan

Svar: Those letters that can be pronounced independently, without the support from any other letter are called svar.

Vyanjan: Those letters whose sounds need a support from the svars are called vyanjan.

This is the only concept I want you to learn today. But, let’s delve in deeper. :)

If you are unclear about the difference between svar and vyanjan, let’s picture it this way:

1) Svar = single letter in Hindi

2) Vyanjan = letter + svar in Hindi.

Let’s learn the svars too. :)

Watch this video for pronunciation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W23ao2lz16E

Please remember that there are some sounds that are similar, but you need to focus on the strain put on each letter, that is the key to differentiate between them. Listen to the letters again and again until you get the hang of it. And, practice speaking them too.

Any clearer? :)

If you have queries, please ask me in the comments. :)

Here is one suggestion I have for you before I sign off for the day: DO NOT practise writing them now. Both of them are different processes and it is easy to write if you can speak, believe me, you will be able to learn writing in a week if you know all the sounds and picture them (just picture) well. :)

I will try to post lesson every week with suggestions on how to move on further with Hindi. :)

Till next time! :)

Romanised Hindi? Your choice (An article)

October 8, 2016

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ana-Chan16

Good job Anneysha! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/thesamm72

I don't know what's happening in the comments underneath, but thank you for this information. I didn't know there were two separate parts of the alphabet. I'm looking forward to at least trying the Hindi course when it comes out, so this'll give people a leg up.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JessePaedia

In Fiji, most people speak Hindi. In fact, places like Nadi, almost resemble an Indian city. Most people learn it at school.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anneysha7

I had an idea about it, but would like to know more about the cities. :) Did you visit a Fiji city? :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JessePaedia

I have been to four places in Fiji: Port Denarau, Nadi, Dravuni Island and Suva (the capital).

When I went to Dravuni Island, which is mainly native Fijian, they were cooking chicken curry as traditional Fijian dish. In Suva, most shop owners, both Fijian and Fiji-Indian speak Hindi, I actually got practice my Hindi with a couple of them. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/iad58g
  • 1630

Why ‘Hum Seekhenge Hindi Bhasha’ rather than ‘Hum Hindi Bhasha Seekhenge’?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anneysha7

Both are correct, as far as I know. They are used in daily conversations too. :) While 'Hum Hindi Bhasha Seekhenge' sounds more grammatically correct, I don't think it would be incorrect to express it the way I did. Some Hindi sentences are flexible.

However, I will go with the more grammatically correct version henceforth as it will be better go begin with the basics. :)

Thank you for pointing it out to me. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/-lingua-nikhil-

Well, in casual speaking, we can use any sentence, but gramatically, these two sentences have a bit different meaning.

Hum hindi bhasha seekhenge - Here, you are focusing on "hindi bhaasha",you want to say that, we will learn hindi bhaasha.

Hum seekhenge hindi bhasha - Here, you want to say that we will learn Hindi. You say this to tell someone that, you will learn, not someone else.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheInfinitesimaI

Awesome job explaining this. =)

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