"Ez a kicsi gyík átfut a folyón?"
Translation:Is this small lizard running across the river?
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Not necessarily. It depends on what you're trying to convey.
Is this small lizard running across the river = a specific lizard is presently running and you ask to confirm this information.
Does this small lizard run across the river = can either be a specific lizard or a category of specific lizards (i.e. a species) and you want to know if the lizard has the ability to run across the river. It may or may not actually be running at the moment.
I may be wrong but as a native English speaker, if I were to hear these sentences, this is what I would interpret.