It helps to make up "mnemonics"- ie, a word game or device to help aid your memory. For example, you could think of "collating papers" at breakfast "colazione" or putting together a "collection" of foods (but in my imaginary "collection" I'm only able to find 1 item, hence one "L) for breakfast- or anything else that helps you remember (the sillier, the easier to remember).
In the Italian language, the ending of the word actually can give you if it is feminine or masculine although there are irregulars that you just need to memorize and recognize. For example, "scodella" ends in an A therefore it is feminine and singular giving it the article of "la". To pluralize it is would be "le" "scodelle".
Unfortunately, it's not a predictable pattern. The only times it's easy is if you see an accented vowel--the stress goes there :-)
ex. papa (Pope) = PApa
vs. papà (Dad) = paPÀ
If there is no accent, you can be pretty sure the stress won't be on the last syllable. Usually it's second-to-last syllable (like faGIOlo and raGAzzo) but there are too many exceptions to call it a rule (such as CIOtola and ZUcchero)
For the most part, we have to learn them one bye one. Forvo helps with that :-)