It helps to make up "mnemonics"- ie, a word game or device to help aid your memory. For example, you could think of "collating papers" at breakfast "colazione" or putting together a "collection" of foods (but in my imaginary "collection" I'm only able to find 1 item, hence one "L) for breakfast- or anything else that helps you remember (the sillier, the easier to remember).
When I look quickly at the word, colazione, i see calzone which is good item. I imagine eating a cold piece of calzone in the morning (I ve done this). One would have to be careful, however, with the spelling and not misspell cOlazione.
Why is it 'CIO-tola', i.e. emphasis on the first syllable, but 'fa-GIO-lo' for bean?
Unfortunately, it's not a predictable pattern. The only times it's easy is if you see an accented vowel--the stress goes there :-)
ex. papa (Pope) = PApa
vs. papà (Dad) = paPÀ
If there is no accent, you can be pretty sure the stress won't be on the last syllable. Usually it's second-to-last syllable (like faGIOlo and raGAzzo) but there are too many exceptions to call it a rule (such as CIOtola and ZUcchero)
For the most part, we have to learn them one bye one. Forvo helps with that :-)
In my opinion, la ciotola is more for animals, I prefer using la scodella for humans, but maybe is just my swiss italian feeling.
How in the world are you supposed to know if an object is masculine or feminine? Is there some trick to it?