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  5. "You are eating bread."

"You are eating bread."

Translation:Du isst Brot.

February 9, 2013



Isst is for du as well as for er/sie/es? Can you give me example with some other verb? What about: du trinkST but er trinkT; it's not the same. I am confused!


As there is already an 's' in the word 'isst', you need only add the 't'. In 'trinkst', the stem is 'trink', and there is no 's' already there. Therefore, you add the normal '-st' ending for 'du'.


But here the stem word is esse and it should be esst... Why is it isst and not esst? Please correct me


because essen is an irregular verb, they usually change when it comes to you and he/she/it (for example the verb haben has "du hast" and "er hat" instead of du habst and er habt)


essen conjugates does not regularly. It is usually ich -e, du -st, er/sie/es -t, wir -en, ihr -t, sie -en.


Can you explain when to use du and when to use ihr as both means you but conjugate differs


"Du" is you, singular and "ihr" is you, plural


In this context, how would I know which one to use?


both are correct. It would matter more when using it in real life whether you are talking to a group of people or one person


Thanks, that helped me allot


I love this explanation


You drink is "Du trinkst".He/ She drinks is"Er/Sie trinkt".I drink is "Ich trinke".


How do i know if they mean you as singular or plural?


For these exercises, if you see 'you' in English you can translate either singular or plural in German. However each sentence is designed to work on both directions, so the "official correct" answer in German will be 'du' half the time and 'ihr' half the time. If you are marked wrong it will usually be because the ending you put on the verb does not match the 'you' you used. Occasionally it will be clear from the context that its 'du' or 'ihr'.


The ending of er/sie/es is (t) and the ending for du is (st) du machst. Er/sie/es macht Essen is a little irregular first of all with du and er sie es instead of (E)ssen it becomes( (I)ss) removing the en as we are taking the stem of the verb and now add the regular ending it will make sense du is(st) er sie es is(st)


When use "isst" and when use "esst", what the different ??


isst is in english eats for he/she/it and esse is eating for I


You use "isst" for Du/Er/Sie/Es and "esst" for Ihr(the plural form of "You").


I have same understanding,so why correct answer here has "isst"? I am confused!


"Isst" is used with du and er/sie/es. "Esst" is used with Ihr.

Du isst = You (singular) eat Er/Sie/Es isst = He/She/It eats Ihr esst = You (plural) eat


Why is "Du esst Brot" incorrect?,


'Essen' becomes 'isst' in the appropriate conjugation for 'du', rather than 'esst'. 'Esst' would fit the 2nd personal plural, 'ihr', instead.


Im just confused about when i should use esst or essen, i didnt understand the differenc between the Isst or Esst. can u help me?



I recommend trying the exercises in the above link.

Essen is a stem-changing verb; there are a few of these, and they simply need to be memorised. In the case of stem-changing verbs, the stem is changed specifically for the 'du' and the 'er/sie/es' conjugations.

Du isst einen Apfel. Er isst Brot. Ihr esst Äpfel.

You (singular) are eating an apple. He is eating bread. You (plural) are eating apples.


wonderful link, thanks!


Thank you for this!! I was having so much trouble with this.


I'm really struggling this is most useful thanks :-)


Thank you. This will help.


Remember that esst/essen/isst/esse conjugates weird, and most others are pretty standard. Essen for Plural unless it's Ihr (Y'all) , then it's esst. Sie essen and Sie isst are correct depending on context as they or she. Isst for Du as well as for Er/Sie/Es. Esse for Ich. Shame as one of the first ones we learn it's an odd one.


What is the difference between "du isst Brot" and "Sie essen Brot"?


Formal "you". Unlike English, German differentiates between formal (Sie) and informal you (du). Those formal Germans ;)


It's not our fault that you got rid of your thou ^^


French also differenciate formal and informal you. :) It's nice to know I have that common grammar rule with the language I learn. (btw, that'd be great to have a German-French programm... there's only a French/English one.)


There is a German -- French program in beta atm (http://incubator.duolingo.com/courses/fr/de/status). You could use it to train your translation skills, but the discussion threads will be in German.


You just made my day ! Thank you so much !! :D from a French Canadian: Merci beaucoup ! __ However, I think I'm not fluent enough to be a contributor. :/


Yep, Spanish also: tú (informal) or usted (formal). I was surprised to learn that "thou" is actually the informal form. It looks like all the Romance languages do this.


Chinese also has formal words such as informal you (Ni) and formal (Nin).


Singular you for Du, Plural you for Sie. I type Y'all for Sie and it takes it, FYI.


correction: Plural you is ihr ; formal (polite) you is Sie

Ich esse ; du isst (= is-st); er/si/es isst (= iss-t); wir essen ; ihr esst ; sie/Sie essen


The Germans use essen for the plural because Sie in this case means they in which the plural is implied. The Germans use isst when referring to you in the singular. Such is the case with the word du and that is the difference between essen and isst.


Why use ihr and not du


Why "Du isst das Brot" is wrong? I could not understand, can you help me please?


Das = the. "Du isst das Brot" would be "You are eating THE bread".


Re: "You are eating bread" how can I tell if they are looking for "Du" or "Ihr"?


whats the difference with isst and esse?


Isst is for Er, Sie and Du. Esse is neccessarily for I person


isst is in english eats for he/she/it and esse is eating for I


"Ihr esst brot" And "Du isst brot" Why have two different ways of saying the same thing?


It's not saying the same thing; in standard English, we actually have just one way to say several different things.

  • Du isst brot. - You [a single person] are eating bread.
  • Ihr esst brot. - You [multiple people] are eating bread.
  • Sie essen brot. - You [Formal | Singular or Multiple] are eating bread.

Each provides different information, and while in English the meaning is a little ambiguous (if not immediately obvious via context), the ambiguity is very much lessened by the German forms (though it still exists in the ‘Sie’ form).


what the deffrince between du and ihr ?


‘Du’ is singular, ‘ihr’ is plural. Were you talking to a single person, you'd say ‘du isst brot’, whereas if you were talking to a group, you'd say, ‘ihr esst brot’.


Can someone tell me how to tell when to use trinkt/trinkst/trinken and isst/esse/essen? Because thet trips me up nearly every time! Is one of them past or present tense? Does anyone have the same problem as I do? I'm German, but CANNOT speak German. I need to learn! PLZ reply!


All of them are present tense. They are just different conjugations of the same verbs (essen and trinken). I recommend you find a grammar source which fits to you and read about verb conjugation in present tense. For example here it would be the first 3 lessons of the essentials: http://yourdailygerman.wordpress.com/learn-german-online-course/


Ok im confused on the ihr and du


Du is sigular (you read - du liest), while ihr is plural (you both read - ihr beide lesen)


When we use essen? Please help meeee


Many words have stem words that change based on how they are used in a sentence.

many words may end in ...en such as lesen, essen or lieben but you cut the en off the stem word when used in a sentence with Ich, Du, Er or so on.

Ich ends in "e" rather then en Such as lese or liebe or esse

Du or Ien add "st" at the end of the base and may have an added "i" or e replaced with i such as liest, liebst or isst

Er, sie, es add "t" to the base verb and may have an added "i" as is done in du. Liest, isst, liebt

Plural Wir, Sie ends in "en". Lesen, Lieben, essen

and ihr ends in "t" such as esst, liebt, lest however it does not add or replace an "i" as is seen in du.

These are rules that you have to memorize more then anything but it is good to read the tips and notes section before starting each lesson and also remember to read other comments before posting a new question as you may find the answer has already been give. :)

See this link for more practice with stem words. http://www.nthuleen.com/teach/grammar/stemchangeexpl.html


I wrote "Du esst brot" and it gave an error saying its "Ihr esst Brot" Could someone please explain?


The correct verb form for 'du' is 'isst', and the correct verb form for 'ihr' is 'esst'; you mixed the pronoun/verb form. The program simply went with the plural you form since that was the verb form which you used.
The conjunction for 'to eat' in German is:
Ich esse. (I eat.). Du isst. (You [informal singular] eat.). Er/Sie isst. (He/She eats.). Wir essen. (We eat.). Ihr esst. (You [plural] eat.) Sie essen. (They/You [formal] eat.)


Sorry for replying to a very old comment.

So, "Du esst Brot" is a correct meaning for "You eat bread"? But that would be for singular person?

Whereas "Ihr isst Brot" is "You eat bread" but for plural?


Why is saying "Du bist isst Brot." grammatically incorrect?


Because it exactly translates like this: You are eat bread. It's just not correct.


Because you're using two conjugated verbs in a row, which doesn't make sense. It's like saying "I bike run to the park." You can't use Bike and Run right next to each other in a sentence because they're both "conjugated" verbs, as far as conjugation can occur in English. The same is true in German, or any language for that matter.


Du essest Brot. The answer is correct, because it's a sentence with Konjunktuv I.


The Konjunktiv I is very rarely used. You basically only encounter it poems and old literature. Also the real form of the Konjunktiv II is used rarely. It is usually constructed with "würde + infinitive" instead of the own form of the verb.

If you would use traditional konjunktiv in spoken language today people would be startled.


When should I use die and der an das an den


Maybe this helps: http://yourdailygerman.wordpress.com/2011/12/31/learn-german-online-meat-the-team-i-you-she-and-so-on/

The blog tries to take a more practical and funny approach to German grammar (as far as it is possible ;-) )


This link also helped me see the deference between du and ihr. Thank you.


Why I can't use "esst" for "Du"? Since we must use "esst" for "Ihr"


Verbs which have vowel shifts in their conjugation have them only in singular or more precisely in 2nd and 3rd person singular. The plural forms do not change their vowel. I can't tell you why, I can only tell that it is like that. You can see it as a coincidence that the du and ihr form of verbs without vowel shift are the same.

Be aware that there are 7 verbs which conjugate different, but even there the changes of the stem only affect the singular forms: http://yourdailygerman.wordpress.com/2012/03/19/learn-german-online-verb-conjugation-2/


Isst is used for only for is eating and esse is used for are eating


That's not quite the case. They don't match up exactly to English like that.

  • ich esse - I eat / I am eating
  • du isst - you eat / you are eating
  • er, sie, es isst - he, she, it eats / he, she, it is eating
  • wir essen - we eat / we are eating
  • ihr esst - you eat / you are eating
  • sie essen - they eat / they are eating
  • Sie essen - you eat / you are eating

Generally, to get the correct ending, you take the infinitive form (essen, in this case), and remove the 'n' or 'en' ending. We are left with 'ess' - this is known as the stem. With the stem, we can add the appropriate ending to get the correct conjugation for each pronoun:

  • ich: -e = esse
  • du: -st = isst (stems ending in 's' or 'ß' already can simply add the 't')
  • er/sie/es: -t = isst
  • wir: -en = essen
  • ihr: -t = esst
  • sie/Sie: -en = essen

As you'll notice, sometimes a verb has a different vowel in certain conjugations. This is known as a stem-changing verb. Generally speaking (I don't know if this universally applies to stem-changing verbs, but it generally does), these stem changes occur for only the 'du' and 'er/sie/es' conjugations. An example with another verb, heißen, which means 'to call' or 'to be called'. You'll notice that this verb doesn't change its stem:

  • ich: -e = heiße
  • du: -st = heißt
  • er/sie/es: -t = heißt
  • wir: -en = heißen
  • ihr: -t = heißt
  • sie/Sie: -en = heißen

And one more, gehen, meaning 'to go':

  • ich: -e = gehe
  • du: -st = gehst
  • er/sie/es: -t = geht
  • wir: -en = gehen
  • ihr: -t = geht
  • sie/Sie: -en = gehen

You'll find that you learn this pattern fairly quickly, so don't be intimidated. :)


you are eating bread can be written as duessen brot


I don't understand why "Du essen brot." Is not an acceptable answer


Ihr esst vs du isst?


What is the difference between "esst" and "isst". This is confusing me so much.


I really think Duolingo should differentiate between "Ihr" and "Du" by using "you all" or "you guys" and just "you" respectively since German has it's own word for each. It's like "sore" and "are" in Japanese. They both translate to "that" but the first one this "that in front of you" and the second is "that over there" specifically. Anyways, that's my 2 cents.


how do i know it is you singular or plural when there is no voice


What is the difference between 'esst' and 'isst'


If youre talking about al lot of people in a sentence then write'you all are' Instead of 'you are' so its easier to indentify


So "ihr" is more like "ya'll" ?


Now I know that it can be used for formal 'you' too...but then why change the case??


what I mean is...why does the whole sentence change just because we are being formal?


How do you know the differences between isst & esse?


How do you know when to use isst and not esse


what is the different between Du and Ihr, when do i use each?


Hi ! Could you help me ? When i see "You are eating bread" how should i translate it "Du isst Brot" or "Ihr esst Brot" ?


Why is it not "the bread"?


Whats the difference between esst and isst? Which one do i use ihr and du?


中国的来报个到(^_^) What different between esst and isst?


What's the diferences between Ihr and Du?


When we can only read "You" how can we tell whether to use "Du" or "Irh"?


What's the different between ihr and Du?


Can anybody explain the usage of isst and esst... Thanks in advance


why isn't it 'du essen brot ' instead 'sie essen brot'??


What about"ihr esses das Brot"


Can someone explain to me and use ihr and du in a sentince so i can understand them.


"Du isst" is the translation of "You eat" and "you are eating". Does present tense differs with progressive peresent tense in german?


Du isst brot / Ihr esst brot Why it doesn't mean the same meaning? I'm confused about Du and Ihr


Why use Ihr esst instead of Du isst for you eat bread


'ihr esst' is formal for 'du isst'?


It's still informal, but it is the plural form of ‘du isst’. In an informal situation talking to one person, you would use ‘du isst’, but if talking to multiple people, you would use ‘ihr esst’.


So how would you know which to use from the english sentence that has no indication if it requires du or ihr? Or am i missing something else?


Can someone please explain the difference between Essen and Isst because I always mix them up


Ihr means you plural, but it cans also mean her or their. For example: Ihr seid gute Leute (Menschen) = You are good people; Du bist ihr Bruder = You are her / their brother. But this depends on the context.


I just started with German, and I got 'Ihr esst Brot' as the right answer for this question, I chose that because the other two options had trinkst as the verb. But in this comments title says 'Du isst Brot'. I'm guessing it's a bug, or is Ihr esst Brot the same as Du isst Brot?


I agree with Aardjon. This sentence it is not a correct translation of "You are eating "bread.


Why not ( ihr esst brot) ???


What is the difference between (ihr) and (du) ??


I'm confused how you know to use ihr and not du from this particular example


Why not “du bist” instead of ihr?


Difference been "Ihr" and "Du"?


Hi! How do I know if I should translate the You in singular or plural German form? Thank you


Why it isn't esst?


You are does not signify plural or not, therefore du isst brot is correct also


hover over the words 'are' and 'eating' and it comes up with esst but it marked me wrong and said the right answer was isst i dont understand!


How to pronounce ist and isst?


when is the correct time to use ihr, du, or sie?


When do we you use esst and essen? For the given sentence whether 'Ihr essen brot' would be correct ?


I still get confussed on whether to use "Du" or "Ihr" in a sentence


I was thinking esst was 3rd person not second. I am confused.


Why was answering 'du' for you in this question wrong? Why did you = ihr and not du?


When Could I Tell If I Hvae to Use "Du" or "Ihr".


Ich hab vergessen warum mann wächseled das 'i' für das "e" mit isst und esst. Ein bißchien hilfe?


Why are they using ihr instead of du?


Why are they using ihr instead of du in this sentence?


Where do we use 'ihr' and 'du' for 'you'?


What is the difference between 'esst' and 'isst'?


how can we distinguish the differences from the sentences " you are eating bread?" how can we find out which one Duolingo want? formal (Sie) and informal you (du)? what happen if I answer with the "du isst Brot" instead of "ihr esse Brot"


It would be helpful if duolingo would distinguish between you singular and you plural when asking for an English to German translation!


Whats the difference between 'irh esst brot' and 'irh essen brot'? Im assuming one is past tense but how do you determine it?


When are ihr and du acceptable?


Why is 'ihr' not acceptable?


Why is 'du' not acceptable?


Du isst Brot = You eat bread, 3rd person singular

Ihr esst Brot = You (all) eat bread. 3rd person plural. Isst if it's just one person eating, esst if it's a group of people eating.


Whats the difference between esse and esst


Whats the difference between isst and esst?


Why is it not Du.. There is no indication its the formal version of you


Why i can't use "du"? Why should i use "ihr"?


“Ihr” is plural. They should specify whether they are asking for singular you or plural you.


"You are eating bread" can be both singular or plural, why it rejects singular answer?


Why do we use ihr and not du?


In the English language, how do I tell you (singular) and you (group) apart? "You are eating bread" could be aimed at both parties and Duolingo likes to mix the two correct translations together.


Where can I learn all the forms of "to eat"? Like this there an option on Duolingo?


What is the difference between "esst" and "isst" ?

I know "esse", "essen", and "isst".. Where did this "esst" come from?


How can i tell is it "you" or "you all" I mean is it "du " or "ihr"??


how do you know it is ihr and not du?


Why not "Ihr isst einen Apfel"

[deactivated user]

    In english 'YOU ARE eating' can be both "du isst' and 'ihr esst' in german- why a mistake :/

    [deactivated user]

      YOU ARE EATING can be both DU ISST and IHR ESST- why a mistake :/


      Halll ich Lasse van Reen gif my lingot´s


      why is ihr and du different?


      What is the difference between esst , isst , essen


      How do you know when is "Ihr" and when its "Du"? They both mean "you", right?


      I am confused using of du and ihr...because they both have same meaning you.


      How do i know which 'YOU' they want me to write about. Is it du or ihr!? If im told to translate from english it sort of seems impossible to know.


      How can I know when they refer to "you" plural or "you" singular? i wrote "Du esst brot".


      Why isn't "Du isst Brot" correct? How do we know if we should use 'du' or 'ihr' when 'You are' is present?


      We never say du isst .what is the reason?isst is for he/she/it.as I learned


      I thought isst meant IS EATING. Why wouldn't it be esst?


      Why isst with Du and sie both?


      I've been trying to figure out when the appropriate time is to use isst and esse with no luck...


      Very complicated


      Du isst, you are eating. Not Irh Esst??


      Why is it esst and not isst?


      When to use du and when to use ihr? Can anyone help please?


      Isn't "you are eating" written as "du esst"?


      I typed Du isst Brot which is correct yet this thing cancelled it


      How do i know if they mean you as singular or plural?


      what is the difference between isst and esst?


      Why is it du isst but ihr esst? Please somebody explain


      If youre talking about a lot of people eating put the sentence 'you all are' instead of 'you are'


      How do I tell when to use isst versus esst?


      You could be Du, Sie, or Ihr... was a little misleading. Could say You guy's, you people, or have a hint of the case of yoh.


      Isst -are eating


      Ihr is I and you is Du they sometimes you are saying Ihr is you how its possible


      I am afraid that you are also wrong. Ihr is definitely NOT I Ihr is really you all. It is (Ich) that is I.


      How do i know when to use ihr instead of du? I know it was not in this question but j thought this might be a good place to ask. Thank you!


      Du is for you. Why ihr is being used for you


      We use isst for er/sie/es as well as for ihr But in this question it is showing wrong how and why will you tell me


      Isentical answere but got it wrong


      There you be a coloumn of doubts


      Difference between esst and isst?


      How should we know when to translet You for ihr . I have written du in the ans . And it gave me wrong ans.


      Du essen Brot. I meant plural, you should not tell me it is wrong.


      Shouldn't the sentence be 'Ihr essen Brot' and not 'Ihr esst Brot'?


      "you are" - translated to German it can mean both "du" and "ihr", especially in this context, where both "Du isst Brot" and "Ihr essen Brot" should be correct. Am I right, or am I missing something?


      Shouldn't this be Du esst Brot ?


      You write bread but you didnt give brot in answer and i lose my heart


      You also means Du not just Ihr. You need to accept it


      Hello please when am I to use habe, haben, habt, please am confuse


      Mine said "du", "*esst", "essen" and "brot"

      Isst was spelled incorrectly so i put du essen brot and it said wrong


      I don't understand - please someone help


      If you are looking for a translation "Ihr esst Brot" from english "You are eating bread', than you shoud have written the sentence" You all are eating bread", so that we know you are asking for plural in translation. There is no telling if it is a plural or singular in "You are eating bread".


      I am so confused about bitte because you know that bitte also means please and you're welcome


      Du isst Brot is not the lesson here... It is Ihr isst brot!


      What's the difference between esst and isst?


      Confused about when to use ihr and du


      Du is just how you say you in English. Ihr is basically saying y'all in English.

      For example, You are beautiful = Du bist schön. Y'all are beautiful = Ihr seid schön.


      Why is it isst it should be essen???


      Is there a difference in pronunciation between ist and isst? Isn't there a special symbol for ss (looks sort of like a B)?


      Where can I find how to conjugate the verb to eat? I'd like to see it all in one place.


      Why esst and not essen?


      Samply Verb essen: Ich....esse du.... Isst er, es, sie.... Isst We, sie, Sie... Essen Ihr...... Esst


      How should I know is it "you" as "du" or as "ihr"?


      Why wre they giving clues that aren't right?


      but why did you change the letter e to i ?


      but why did you change the letter e to .i?


      When is it esst and not isst? Theres no way of telling the difference!!


      So, after realizing every situation, I think it's like this :-

      Singular Plural esse essen isst esst esst essen

      Please reply if I am wrong. It would help me a lot.


      You can mean also Du, not only sie


      How do you know when it should be ihr and not du, if the sentence is "you eat bread?"


      what is the difference between 'esst' , 'isst' and 'essen?


      Why can't I use Du here?


      Why can't I use Du?


      When translating from English the sentence "You are eating bread," how do you know whether to use du or ihr? Isn't the only difference formality?


      I have a issue. I don't know from a sentence when I should translate "you" to "Ihr" or "Du".


      There needs to be a way of knowing if Duo is looking for the singular "you" or the collective "you." I just got flagged for using "Du" when Duo was wanting "Ihr," but the English is the same. Some programs use "you all" or even "y'all" to show more than one "you" - I wish Duo would do the same.


      Duo doesn't look for the singular or plural ‘you’ when translating from the English to the German if both are equally applicable in translation. If it took one and refused the other (and presuming you didn't make some error in your input), this was an error and you should report it using the report feature if you come across the sentence again so that it can be fixed.


      Answer ihr esst brot, here give du isst brot. I'm bit confuse, how to know sentence refer to du or ihr? Thanks for help


      When do you know when your supposed to say "ihr esst..." versus when your supposed to say "du isst..."?When?


      Why its IHR??? NOT Du?


      It told me isst was wrong but esst was correct?


      But in this particular one, how were we to know that it was a plural "you"


      How can we understand for "You" du is okay or ihr?


      Singular and plural are correct, how do you know when "you are eating bread" is singular or plural?


      I was marked wrong for using


      I used "Du trinkst" and it was marked wrong :( Did it happen to you, too?


      Esst or isst differ


      You have used singular. Why am I marked wrong for the same thing?

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