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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elysiian_

Japanese Lesson: Basic phrases

I was told that I should do phrases next, so I'm going to go ahead and do just that. Like last time, if any native speakers find any mistakes in any of these, please tell me and I will fix it. Thank you.

There are two ways to say good morning. One way to say it is おはよう-ohayō. You use this when talking to people you are familiar with, such as your friends. The second way is おはようございます-Ohayōgozaimasu. You use this one with unfamiliar people, or people of a higher authority (Your teachers, elders, etc.). You can say 'good morning' until about 12:00, or 11:00. I really cannot remember which.

To say 'good afternoon', and this is often seen as being the word for 'hello', you simply say こんにちは-Konnichiwa (Written as 'konnichiha').

To say 'good evening', you would say こんばんは-Konbanwa (Written as 'konbanha'). You would say this after 6:00 PM

Like 'good morning', there are two ways to say good night. One way is おやすみ-Oyasumi. Again, you would use this 'shorter version' with people you are familiar with. With unfamiliar people and people with authority over you, you would say おやすみなさい-Oyasuminasai.

おはよう:Good morning (familiar)

おはようございます:Good morning (unfamiliar)

こんにちは:Hello (Good afternoon)

こんばんは:Good evening

おやすみ:Good night (familiar)

おやすみなさい:Good night (unfamiliar)

Other common expressions are:

ありがとう(arigatō):Thank you

ありがとうございます(arigatōgozaimasu):Thank you (formal)

ごめんなさい(gomennasai):I'm sorry

すみません(sumimasen):Excuse me (I'm sorry)

よろしく/よろしくお願いします(yoroshiku/yoroshiku onegaishimasu): Nice to meet you (lit. please treat me kindly)

If I missed any important ones or if I made any mistakes, please let me know (kindly) in the comments.

**Edit

Some more common ones:

どういたしまして(dōitashimashite): You're welcome

お疲れ様です(otsukaresamadesu): Cheers for good work

ご苦労様です(Gokurōsamadesu): Thank you for your hard work.

いただきます(Itadakimasu): Let's eat (Lit. I will receive (this meal)

ご馳走様です(Gochisōsamadesu): Thank you for the meal

お邪魔します(Ojamashimasu): Excuse me

お帰りなさい(Okaerinasai): Welcome home

行ってまいります/きます(Ittemairimasu/kimasu): I'm going (out)

いらっしゃいませ(Irasshaimase): Welcome (Heard when you enter a store)

October 17, 2016

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ginkkou

Some ideas of what you could add:

どういたしまして
お疲れ様です
ご苦労様です
いただきます
ご馳走様です
お邪魔します
お帰りなさい
行ってまいります/きます
いらっしゃいませ


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elysiian_

I'll add these right away.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Francy-Chan

I love this lesson! ♡ It's very interesting! - Could you do a lesson where you explain the "family" and "man,men,woman,women,girl,girls,boy,boys,friend,friends etc..) ? If you want :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mevrei-chan

this is awesome! and helpful thank you!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/81cheney

Thank you for adding my suggestion. I love your lessons!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elysiian_

Thank you very much.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ana-Chan16

Thanks so much for this! Good luck with your next lessons, this is very useful because I am beginer in Japanese. One lingot for you! :*


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/YOUREGY

Nice lesson, it's very easy to understand. I'm sure this lesson will help every beginner who wants to learn this language; Gokurōsamadesu :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HatchedSylveon

Nice lesson. Maybe you should add はじめまして


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Petrisso

ありがといございます!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jenbooc

すごいね!ありがとうございました

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