Japanese Lesson: Basic phrases
I was told that I should do phrases next, so I'm going to go ahead and do just that. Like last time, if any native speakers find any mistakes in any of these, please tell me and I will fix it. Thank you.
There are two ways to say good morning. One way to say it is おはよう-ohayō. You use this when talking to people you are familiar with, such as your friends. The second way is おはようございます-Ohayōgozaimasu. You use this one with unfamiliar people, or people of a higher authority (Your teachers, elders, etc.). You can say 'good morning' until about 12:00, or 11:00. I really cannot remember which.
To say 'good afternoon', and this is often seen as being the word for 'hello', you simply say こんにちは-Konnichiwa (Written as 'konnichiha').
To say 'good evening', you would say こんばんは-Konbanwa (Written as 'konbanha'). You would say this after 6:00 PM
Like 'good morning', there are two ways to say good night. One way is おやすみ-Oyasumi. Again, you would use this 'shorter version' with people you are familiar with. With unfamiliar people and people with authority over you, you would say おやすみなさい-Oyasuminasai.
おはよう：Good morning (familiar)
おはようございます：Good morning (unfamiliar)
こんにちは：Hello (Good afternoon)
おやすみ：Good night (familiar)
おやすみなさい：Good night (unfamiliar)
Other common expressions are:
ありがとうございます(arigatōgozaimasu)：Thank you (formal)
すみません(sumimasen)：Excuse me (I'm sorry)
よろしく/よろしくお願いします(yoroshiku/yoroshiku onegaishimasu): Nice to meet you (lit. please treat me kindly)
If I missed any important ones or if I made any mistakes, please let me know (kindly) in the comments.
Some more common ones:
どういたしまして(dōitashimashite): You're welcome
お疲れ様です(otsukaresamadesu): Cheers for good work
ご苦労様です(Gokurōsamadesu): Thank you for your hard work.
いただきます(Itadakimasu): Let's eat (Lit. I will receive (this meal)
ご馳走様です(Gochisōsamadesu): Thank you for the meal
お邪魔します(Ojamashimasu): Excuse me
お帰りなさい(Okaerinasai): Welcome home
行ってまいります/きます(Ittemairimasu/kimasu): I'm going (out)
いらっしゃいませ(Irasshaimase): Welcome (Heard when you enter a store)