Sie; They or she?
This is very confusing to me, but it's not that hard to conceive once you get a grasp on it. In verbs, the spelling of the verb is what determines it. 'Sie Lernt' means 'she learns', or, 'you learn' but Germans say 'study' more than they say 'learn'. Where was I? Oh, yes, 'Sie Lernt' means 'You study' or 'She studys' whereas 'Sie Lernen' is 'they study' not that simple.. confuses me sometimes.*
Bearing in mind that Sie (with a capital S) is also you (formal).
Sie lernt - she learns.
Sie lernen - they/you learn.
You can differentiate between sie (they) and Sie (you formal) if the pronoun falls in the middle or end of a sentence, such as - abends essen Sie. You eat in the evenings. abends essen sie - they eat in the evenings.
You can differentiate between sie (she) and Sie/sie (You formal/they) by the verb form, as sie (she) will often have a t on the end (excluding modal verbs + werden). Sie/sie's verb forms end in -en most of the time.
It's like "The sheep eat" vs "The sheep eats."
Sometimes you have to look at the verb for information about the subject.
We say "you" and it can refer to one individual or a group. Also, sie lernt could be: she learns, she is learning, she has been learning, she will learn, she will be learning or she does learn. Grammar helps but context helps even more. By the way, we also say study more often than learn or do...ich lerne Mathe...I'm studying/doing my math. Studieren is beyond basics..more at the university level.
When you come across a "sie":
Is it written with capital S even though it is not the start of a sentence?
If yes (Sie) -> you (formal)
if no (sie) -> she or they
what is the verb form next to it?
Sie lernt -> she
Sie lernen -> they or formal you
If it is not the start of the sentence, then sie lernen=they learn, Sie lernen = you learn. Nice, here we separated all three.
... and then "sie" can be "her" (accusative case): Ich mag sie = I like her.
yeah me too its hard to conjigate sometimes to like if some one says sie in german to a group with no women its like what? there is not a woman , wait ohhhh sie as in they
i also agree with the first person becouse if you are learning it in school one of the first things the y teach is how to say ich du and er/sie /es so if your having trouble just remember uch always ends in e like heiße and du is st so heißst and not this word but like gehe du gehst and the er/sie / es is mostly t so geht
True, but isolated words without context are sometimes impossible to understand.
By the way, suß sort of confuses me...how exactly do you pronounce it? I mean, I know 'ß' sounds like an 'S' but what exact does suß sound like? Seuss? Like Dr. Seuss? Or suss? I think it's like Seuss, but not sure...
For feminine nouns ending in e, you usually add an n for the plural.
Ich habe eine Katze und zwei Hunde
Don't forget that Katze is feminine so you need the e on the end of ein, and the conjugation for haben is:
Echt Pech! Bad luck...
We often learn by sound...ein-e Katz-e.
Both are two syllables. Many femine words end in e, but not all of them. Good news! Even when they don't end in e, many add en for the plural.
Eine schöne große freundliche Katze Zwei Katzen
Die Nachbarschaft Neuigkeit Übung Bäckerei Nachbarschaften Neuigkeiten Übungen Bäckereien
So, to make quicker progress.. add e to fem words to form the plural...no e? Add en! And you will be more often correct than wrong!