"Die Lehrerin stellt den Schüler in das Zimmer."
The German sounds funny, you would "den Stuhl in das Zimmer stellen" or "den Tisch", but for a person you would say "Die Lehrerin holt den Schüler in das Zimmer"(takes) or "... bringt den Schüler in das Zimmer"(puts) or "nimmt den Schüler in das Zimmer" (also takes).
Or " Die Lehrerin lässt den Schüler im Zimmer stehen" (Two meanings: - She makes him stand in the room" - "She leaves him standing in the room.")
Aditionally "ein Zimmer" is a living or a sleeping room, also a hotel room. It could also be an office in a multy office building, but only with reference to a room number. A room inside a school would be "Raum 12" when refering to a room number, or "ein Klassenzimmer" which would never be abbreviated to "Zimmer".
Could it be that this sentence is, in indirect way, hiding the word "Frage"? cause it didn't make any sense to me too!! X(
Nice explanation, rfo! And Peter I had the same thoughts about some of the sentences, some are so unworldly, they must have been generated somehow.
The grammatical case depends mainly on the particular preposition. "durch" demands accusative, "aus" demands dative. You have probably already learned a list of prepositions with their respective cases. Some prepositions however can be used with dative or with accusative and then have different meanings. Most common ones are "in", "neben" and "auf".
As a rule in connection with Verbs of movement to a place they require the accusative: "Ich gehe in das Schlafzimmer" or "ins Schlafzimmer". With "Sie stellt den Stuhl in das Klassenzimmer" there is a movement implied into the room, hence accusative. Other examples: "Ich fahre neben das Haus". "Er läuft auf das Spielfeld". You would ask "Wohin gehe ich. Wohin stelle ich den Stuhl. Wohin fahre ich. Wohin läuft er."
If you are already in the room it's dative: "Ich bin im Schlafzimmer." "Sie hängt das Bild im Wohnzimmer auf." "Ich gehe neben der Straße." "Ich warte neben dem Haus" "Sie spielen auf dem Spielplatz.". You would ask "Wo bin ich. Wo hänge ich das Bild auf" ...
Here is a list of prepositions with changing cases: http://www.canoo.net/services/OnlineGrammar/Wort/Praeposition/Kasus/2Kasus.html