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https://www.duolingo.com/nathy_bonetti

What's the difference about "es" and "est" ?

4 years ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/kriskaykj

"Es" is only used when the subject is tu. "Est" is only used when the subject is eithe il, Elle or on. They both mean to be.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BastouXII
BastouXII
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I remember learning the different possible endings for the 3 singular personal pronouns back in middle school and it helped a lot to make sure I didn't do a terrible mistake with the conjugation. Here they are :

Je (1st person singular) : S-E-X-AI

Tu (2nd person singular) : S-E (Really easy : the e is ONLY possible with verbs from the first group [ending in -er in the infinitive] conjugated in the imperative tense [when giving orders, without the pronoun written : "Mange tes carottes", "Aime ton prochain"], that's it. NOWHERE else)

Il, elle, on, impersonnal il (as in "il pleut", 3rd person singular) : D-A-T-E

These are valid for ALL tenses even the one you won't ever learn about.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ashiplo
ashiplo
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They're conjugations of the verb être. The pronunciation is the same, and they both mean 'to be'.

Tu es. (You are.)
Il est. (He is.)
Elle est. (She is.)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MaelFr

Il manque la troisième forme de la troisième personne du singulier:

On est ( which can be translate by: "it is" or "we are" )

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BastouXII
BastouXII
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Technically, it should not be used for "we are", it really represent the impersonal meaning (best translated as "one is"). But many natives use it this way in speech, to which many other natives will say, trying to correct them : " « on » exclut la personne qui parle". Which is not exactly accurate either : "on" really mean someone [verb] (in this case is) and it doesn't matter who. So this could perfectly be the one speaking. The one thing to remember is that when you use "on", it's because the subject has absolutely no importance whatsoever.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/emelyrya

How to pronounce it?

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Parisian_Dreamer

It's a conjugation. They both mean the same thing, but "es" is used with the word "tu" and "est" is used with "il", "elle", and "Je". BTW, you also missed "êtes" which is used for "vous".

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MaelFr

No, "est" is not used with "je".

For information:
je suis
tu es
il/elle/on est
nous sommes
vous êtes
ils/elles sont

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Parisian_Dreamer

Oh, sorry! I was rushing with that reply

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/souravgl0

es is used with Tu whereas est is used with ll/elle

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GGT5p4

Thanks. I was confused, now I understand.

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ester724082

pluriel

10 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/YixuanHu

why did google tell me est means east???

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/daurgo2001

L'est = the East

so by itself (as a noun) east is 'est' =)

5 months ago