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  5. Norwegian Grammar Cheat Sheet

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Luke_5.1991

Norwegian Grammar Cheat Sheet

This grammar "cheat sheet" is a work in progress. Its main goal is to centralize the basics of Norwegian grammar for students on Duolingo.

Subject Pronouns

subj_pro

  • "De" is pronounced like "dee".
  • All formality in second-person pronouns has fallen into near total disuse.
  • You may hear some spoken dialects use different words than the ones above, but the differences are generally small and are not reflected in written Bokmål.

Object Pronouns

obj_pro

  • The word "han" is an alternative form of "ham" that is considered equally correct.

Nouns

nouns

  • Remember that the use the feminine gender is dependent on dialect and personal style. All feminine nouns can be written or spoken as if they were masculine nouns, meaning both "ei dør" and "en dør" are considered correct.
  • Certain neuter nouns mostly take an "-a" ending in the definite plural, such as "barna" and "beina". This ending can apply to all definite plural neuter nouns, but tends to be reserved to a few words such as these.

Adjectives

adj

  • In the examples above, "den" and "det" can translate to "that" in addition to "the". Similarly, "de" can also mean "those" in addition to "the".

The Adjective "Liten"

liten

Verb Tenses

verb_tenses

Regular Verbs

reg_verbs

Irregular Verbs

irreg_verbs

Adverbs

adverbs

Conjunctions and Subjunctions

conj_and_subj

October 27, 2016

52 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/soricantica

tusen takk! en veldig god ide!

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/csa26

This is amazing! Just what I needed when starting out...

Would love to see more irregular verbs (there do seem to be a lot of them!) and a section on prepositions because I am ALWAYS muddling up eg 'i', 'på', 'til' etc (tricky because their uses in Norwegian don't correspond to eg 'in', 'on' and 'to' uses in English... Though I do finally understand why my Norwegian husband talks about our dog being 'in' the sofa :-) )

March 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/leighforbes

I would also love a section on prepositions!

January 7, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/skynightstar

yes! I need a section on prepositions

March 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/leighforbes

Tusen takk! I've almost never seen full translations of verb tenses like this – books always seem to think you'll understand what "present perfect" or whatever actually means, without any explanation of what it corresponds to in English. (Those of us who were UK teenagers in the 1980s were never taught grammar like that, and haven't a clue!) So thank you very much indeed!

January 7, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SteveSolheim

Those of us who were US teenagers in the 1980s are a bit skeching on "present perfect" and whatever too. I would love an entire book like this!

October 4, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ADAMZfty

Jeg elsker det. Jeg vil gjerne bruke det.

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zwerver2010

Good job and thanks al lot!

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/h2alo

Mange tusen takk!!

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Radhicka

How is one supposed to know what suffix to add to the modified adverb?

October 31, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Luke_5.1991

You have to memorize each one :[

October 31, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dpamgs40

wow . you've come a long way since you made this comment

December 22, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nati

This is awesome, thank you!

November 1, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/evak841537

tusen takk! :)

June 4, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pekono

tusen takk!

September 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MinaKhairy1

Tusen takk!

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Takk, Luke_5.1991, this is lovely!

November 2, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Liam-Oswald

Takk. Jeg vil bruke dette.

November 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/psionpete

A useful rehash of the tips and notes, thanks. But I am struggling to understand where the Portal comes in? A portal is usually a list of links to other web pages i.e. A doorway to lots of other pages.

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Luke_5.1991

I just like the word portal.

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/psionpete

OK, but it is misleading.

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Luke_5.1991

I'm sorry you were misled. I changed the word to "cheat sheet" on your behalf. :]

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/_nena1

Tusen takk!

October 31, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mattogucci

This is very appreciated, thank you!

October 31, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/picklechip14

Thank you for making this! Takk!

November 1, 2016

[deactivated user]

    Tusen takk!

    November 8, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Bubumadrid

    I finally understand "De" and Dere" properly. THANK YOU! Though the lower I get in the sheet. I just get scared. Not there yet in my lessons. So just overwhelmed heh. thank you again.

    November 8, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/h0rn37

    This is fantastic and very useful! Takke!

    November 10, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sareyn

    Omg! This is very usefull! Perhaps ill print this, to learn when im not at home! :D Thank you so much! :D

    December 4, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mox2Pan

    thank you so much! it's really helpful:)))

    January 16, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NathanWood010101

    The images are broken for me ;-(

    July 18, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/morgenlys

    Is it possible to make pdf file of this?

    September 15, 2017

    [deactivated user]

      Yeah, you could make a simple console app which takes as input the html of this page and creates a pdf out of it. I did it a couple times with itextsharp (a .net lib).

      September 15, 2017

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Margreet51983

      Now i find this. A year later and halfway in my course. You are amazing!! Tusen takk!

      December 6, 2017

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SarahMcCul8

      Dette er veldig nyttig! Tusen takk! Jeg vil gjerne se mer av disse!

      December 28, 2017

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MelodiousJaybird

      Takk så mye! Den hjelpet meg! But for the verbs, how do you know which group the verb is in?

      July 12, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Firestar1008

      tusen takk!

      July 17, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AYlPp

      Tusen takk! :)

      July 27, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SAM_Kh

      Fint Jobb, Tusen takk

      July 30, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JoesCathbert

      takk til deg

      August 3, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaourezKal

      Tusen takk

      September 7, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SteveSolheim

      Adding more? This is very helpful!

      October 4, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RobsLassie

      Dette er veldig nyttig. Tusen takk!

      October 4, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/antanas836703

      Takk ,veldig bra

      October 9, 2018

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Tupilaq

      This is really useful to me, thank you.

      February 1, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GINA291875

      Yes, to me too, and just in case you need any lingots, I'll send you some! Thanks

      February 1, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Catie__

      I know this is an old thread, but do you have any insight on possessive suffixes? For instance, (a) chair's? How would that be translated?

      May 28, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zayummilly

      Thank you so much!

      July 5, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mawaru

      Tusen takk!

      July 10, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tjerk85719

      Tusen takk! Question though, how can you tell if something is masculine or neuter?

      July 21, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nondescrypt

      You can tell if something is masculine or neuter by what ending it has (in many cases, at least, though not all). But if you're asking for why a word would be masculine or neuter, there's not really a reason in most cases. They just sort of are.

      August 11, 2019

      https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lordnamin

      Takk

      September 11, 2019
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