Norwegian Grammar Cheat Sheet
This grammar "cheat sheet" is a work in progress. Its main goal is to centralize the basics of Norwegian grammar for students on Duolingo.
- "De" is pronounced like "dee".
- All formality in second-person pronouns has fallen into near total disuse.
- You may hear some spoken dialects use different words than the ones above, but the differences are generally small and are not reflected in written Bokmål.
- The word "han" is an alternative form of "ham" that is considered equally correct.
- Remember that the use the feminine gender is dependent on dialect and personal style. All feminine nouns can be written or spoken as if they were masculine nouns, meaning both "ei dør" and "en dør" are considered correct.
- Certain neuter nouns mostly take an "-a" ending in the definite plural, such as "barna" and "beina". This ending can apply to all definite plural neuter nouns, but tends to be reserved to a few words such as these.
- In the examples above, "den" and "det" can translate to "that" in addition to "the". Similarly, "de" can also mean "those" in addition to "the".
The Adjective "Liten"
Conjunctions and Subjunctions
This is amazing! Just what I needed when starting out...
Would love to see more irregular verbs (there do seem to be a lot of them!) and a section on prepositions because I am ALWAYS muddling up eg 'i', 'på', 'til' etc (tricky because their uses in Norwegian don't correspond to eg 'in', 'on' and 'to' uses in English... Though I do finally understand why my Norwegian husband talks about our dog being 'in' the sofa :-) )
Tusen takk! I've almost never seen full translations of verb tenses like this – books always seem to think you'll understand what "present perfect" or whatever actually means, without any explanation of what it corresponds to in English. (Those of us who were UK teenagers in the 1980s were never taught grammar like that, and haven't a clue!) So thank you very much indeed!
Those of us who were US teenagers in the 1980s are a bit skeching on "present perfect" and whatever too. I would love an entire book like this!
A useful rehash of the tips and notes, thanks. But I am struggling to understand where the Portal comes in? A portal is usually a list of links to other web pages i.e. A doorway to lots of other pages.
I'm sorry you were misled. I changed the word to "cheat sheet" on your behalf. :]
I finally understand "De" and Dere" properly. THANK YOU! Though the lower I get in the sheet. I just get scared. Not there yet in my lessons. So just overwhelmed heh. thank you again.
Omg! This is very usefull! Perhaps ill print this, to learn when im not at home! :D Thank you so much! :D
Yeah, you could make a simple console app which takes as input the html of this page and creates a pdf out of it. I did it a couple times with itextsharp (a .net lib).
Now i find this. A year later and halfway in my course. You are amazing!! Tusen takk!
Takk så mye! Den hjelpet meg! But for the verbs, how do you know which group the verb is in?
Yes, to me too, and just in case you need any lingots, I'll send you some! Thanks
I know this is an old thread, but do you have any insight on possessive suffixes? For instance, (a) chair's? How would that be translated?
Tusen takk! Question though, how can you tell if something is masculine or neuter?
You can tell if something is masculine or neuter by what ending it has (in many cases, at least, though not all). But if you're asking for why a word would be masculine or neuter, there's not really a reason in most cases. They just sort of are.