Impossible to understand spanish prepositions!
I cannot be the only one who has trouble with learning spanish prepositions. They just don't make any sense with all the contractions and stuff. If there is anyone out there who can help me with learning prepositions by explaining me the rules of when and how to use the right form i would really appreciate!
Prepositions and articles mix in confusing ways. Let's see some cases: de el hombre, de la mujer,, a el hombre, a la mujer. It's not essential to produce the contraction, they just let you speak faster. The general rule is, preposition goes first, and then the article -if necessary.
In the first example from marc, el perro de el hombre, it's correct to say el perro del hombre. In the second example, el gato duerme sobre DEL mono, it's not a good example, because what he says is: duerme SOBRE DE EL mono, in other words, there are two prepositions and then the article. The right way to put it would be: duerme sobre el mono, and there is no contraction.
La lista de preposiciones del idioma español, es: a, ante, bajo, cabe, con, contra, de, desde, en, entre, hacia, hasta, para, por, según, sin, so, sobre, tras. Articles include: un una unos unas el la los las.
To practice this topic, there are many websites. The one I suggest is studySpanish.com. They have a thorough grammar section, unit 2 lesson 27 with some free quizzes: http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/contr.htm
Yes there are and I also know what the mean, but I do not know when to use them in sentences because sometimes they are correct but other times not. For example this sentence is corrent: El perro DEL hombre. But this one is not: El gato duerme sobre DEL mono.
El perro DEL hombre = the dog OF THE man; El gato duerme SOBRE EL mono = the cat sleeps ON THE monkey. As rspreng said, there are only two contractions, a + el and de + el. The preposition sobre does not contract with articles. The only time you will use DEL is when you have of/from the (something masculine singular) and AL when you have to/at the (something masculine singular).
A few more examples: If your first sentence was "the dog OF A man", the Spanish would read: el perro DE UN hombre (no contraction needed since it's un, not el). "The dog OF THE woman" = el perro DE LA mujer (again, no contraction needed since here it's la, not el).
If you wanted to say "I take the dog TO THE man" you'd have : Llevo el perro AL hombre. The same sentence but TO THE woman = Llevo el perro A LA mujer (no contraction). But if I use any other preposition, I am not going to have a contraction: The dog is FOR THE man. = El perro es PARA EL hombre. The dog is ON THE table. = El perro está EN/SOBRE LA mesa. The dog eats WITH THE cats. = El perro come CON LOS gatos.
Hope these examples help! With practice you will get it. :)
I have a site that can help with prepositions. There are plenty of verbs that must be followed by a preposition. When you learn a new verb, it is helpful to learn the prepositions. Sometimes the same verb can be followed by different prepositions and the meaning is completely changed. So here is the first site: http://www.elearnspanishlanguage.com/search.html?cx=partner-pub-7405737365307581%3Awgdxqdmrtahcof=FORID%3A9ie=UTF-8q=verbs+and+prepositions.sa=Search It looks like you have to put in a search in the search box. I put verbs and prepositions.