Translation:Are you showering?
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Well, the English "Do you have a shower" could be referring to the equipment for taking a shower. Cf. "Do you have a bathtub." In that sense, a native English speaker might utter your sentence.
On the other hand, if the meaning is to take a shower, then it is very unlikely that a native speaker would utter your sentence in isolation. It would have to be part of a longer sentence such as "Do you have a shower every day."
But you could use the progressive (-ing) tense here: "Are you having a shower?" = "Are you taking a shower?" = "Are you showering?"
I would not report it, as people tend not to say 'have a shower' in the same way that they say 'have a snack,' or 'have a break.' You could ask, as ion1122 points out, if a person has a shower in their bathroom, but that is a different question, and in this case the context makes it clear that the question is about the verb 'to shower' = zuhany.
All the following are possible in English:
taking a shower
taking a bath
having a bath
having a shower
Nowadays most Americans would use "taking", I would say. But "having" is not wrong.
There is not much difference, if any, between the two verbs here. I would say that "having" suggests that you are taking more time and enjoying the experience, whereas "taking" is just neutral.