Hi everyone, I was wondering if anyone could help me with figuring out when to use what gender in Spanish because I keep messing up. Thank you!

November 7, 2016


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Here's a good post explaning them, but there are many exceptions, and it comes down to pure memorization:

I guess you're right

No te preocupes. Don't worry, everyone learning Spanish messes up the gender sometimes. So, just know that you are not alone.

You can look for patterns such as words that end with -o or -ma are usually masculine, and words that end with -a or -ón or -ad are usually feminine. There are always exceptions, so those have to be memorized, but the patterns help when you encounter new words.

However, it's best to learn the word with the gender. If I have trouble remembering the gender of a word, I'll find a picture in google images, print it out, then write the word with its gender. This has been surprisingly effective for me.

When do you put, o, as, a, amos, and an at the end?

All the follow I'm about to write are about 99% true. There are always exceptions:

La ___= feminine singular

El____= masculine singular

Las___= feminine plural

Los___= masculine plural

Ex) La nina= the (singular) girl

Ex) El nino= the (singular) boy

Ex) Las ninas= the (plural) girls

Ex) Los ninos= the (plural) boys

What about things like eres or thing with vowels and e's at the end

You will need to memorize the gender of words that end in -e. It can help if you memorize words with an adjective.

soy, eres, son, etc., are a conjugation of the ver "ser" which means "to be"

Yo soy (I am)

Tu eres (You are)

Ella/El/Usted es (She/He/You(formal) is)

Nosotros/Nosotras somos (We(masculine)/We(feminine are)

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes son (They(masculine)/They(feminine)/You all are

You are better off memorizing all nouns genders. If a noun ends in z, it is feminine. El Lapiz is an exception.

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