Hi everyone, I was wondering if anyone could help me with figuring out when to use what gender in Spanish because I keep messing up. Thank you!
No te preocupes. Don't worry, everyone learning Spanish messes up the gender sometimes. So, just know that you are not alone.
You can look for patterns such as words that end with -o or -ma are usually masculine, and words that end with -a or -ón or -ad are usually feminine. There are always exceptions, so those have to be memorized, but the patterns help when you encounter new words.
However, it's best to learn the word with the gender. If I have trouble remembering the gender of a word, I'll find a picture in google images, print it out, then write the word with its gender. This has been surprisingly effective for me.
All the follow I'm about to write are about 99% true. There are always exceptions:
La ___= feminine singular
El____= masculine singular
Las___= feminine plural
Los___= masculine plural
Ex) La nina= the (singular) girl
Ex) El nino= the (singular) boy
Ex) Las ninas= the (plural) girls
Ex) Los ninos= the (plural) boys