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Japanese Lesson: Verbs (formal past and present tense)

I have tried to make this lesson in the past but never really figured out the best way to go about doing it. But it was requested, so I will try my best.

There is informal and formal speech in Japanese, just like any other language. The way you speak in Japanese depends on how old you are, how old the person/people you are speaking to is, where you are, etc. So, I will be teaching some Japanese verbs and their past tense as well.

To conjugate masu verbs (here I am just covering the 'masu' verbs), you simply change the す at the end to a し、and add た

食べます(たべます)tabemasu: To eat

Past tense 食べました(たべました)tabemashita: Ate

Example: リンゴを食べますringo o tabemasu - I/she/he/it eat an apple

Past tense example: リンゴを食べました(りんごをたべました)ringo o tabemashita- I/she/he/it ate an apple

飲みます(のみます)nomimasu - To drink

飲みました(のみました)nomimashita- Drank

Example: 猫はミルクを飲みます(ねこはみるくをのみます)neko wa miruku o nomimasu- The cat drinks milk

Past tense example:猫はミルクを飲みました(ねこはみるくをたべました)neko wa miruku wo nomimashita- The cat drank milk

遊びます(あそびます)asobimasu- To play

Past tense: 遊びました(あそびました)asobimashita - Played

Example: 一緒に遊びます(いっしょにあそびます)issho ni asobimasu -We play together

Past tense example: 一緒に遊びました(いっしょにあそびました)issho ni asobimashita- We played together

From here on to save time (typing) for myself, I will simply put the present tense words and examples. All of the verbs are conjugated the same way

料理します(りょうりします)ryourishimasu- To cook

Example: 子供たちは朝ご飯を料理します(こどもたちはあさごはんをりょうりします)kodomotachi wa asagohan o ryourishimasu- The children cook breakfast

踊ります(おどります)odorimasu- To dance

Example: 彼氏と踊りました(かれしとおどりました)kareshi to odorimashita

歩きます(あるきます)arukimasu- To walk

Example: 学校へ歩きますか?(がっこうへあるきますか)gakkou e arukimasu ka?- Do you walk to school?

言えます(いえます)iemasu- To say

Past tense example: いいえと言いました(いいえといいました)iie to iimashita- They said no

行きます(いきます)ikimasu- To go

Example: 学校に行きます(がっこうにいきます)gakkou ni ikimasu- I go to school

来ます(きます)kimasu- To come

Example: ドイツから来ました(どいつからきました)doitsu kara kimashita- I'm from Germany (lit. I came from Germany)

As always, if I made any mistakes, native speakers please correct me.

Other lessons

Pronouns: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/18259944

Basic Phrases: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/18395693

Basic Vocabulary: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/18417681

Slang: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/18424332

School: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/18802842

'i' adjectives: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/18897287

November 9, 2016



Wow! Great guide! Congratulations!


Thank you for the suggestion!


Thank you for thanking me!


I used to think I knew a good amount of japanese words( I know like 6 i think) and because people usally know two and now I stand corrected XD. Great lesson


Thank you! Japanese isn't too hard of a language to learn.


Thank you so much for this! My Japanese course is killing me... I'll definitely be looking at these lessons for a bit of help!


I haven't been following all of these lessons, but I'm still impressed with the commendable effort I've been seeing. Take a lingot, and keep up the great work. =D


Thank you very much !


I gave you two lingots XD


Ahaha, thank youu


Np I have over a hundred lingots and gotta put them to good use XD


your so GOOOOOOD!!!!!!!!


Ahaha, thank you !

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