Tale, Snakke, Fortælle?
How do you use these? From what I've understood from wikipedia,
tale- talk [for an extended period], declaim, make a speech,
snakke- talk [briefly], chit-chat, chatter, babble,
fortælle - tell, report, narrate, inform, monologue,
Which one of these should I use primarily, as a hella beginner?
In class right now, so I'll expand on these later, but quickly:
Tale: Usually one-sided talking. Speaking.
- Jeg taler om problemet: I talk about the problem (I am talking about it to others).
- Jeg taler til dig: I am talking to you (I am doing all the talking).
- BUT, jeg taler med dig: I am having a conversation with you (no difference from jeg snakker med dig).
- Jeg taler dansk: I speak Danish.
Snakke: Converse with, have a conversation with.
- Jeg snakker om problemet: I'm discussing the problem (with other people), or informal babbling.
- Jeg snakker med dig.
Fortælle: To tell someone something.
- Jeg fortæller dig om mit problem: I am telling you about my problem.
There isn't one you should "use primarily" as a beginner, because they all mean different things/are used in different contexts (there aren't any hard and fast rules, these are the general guidelines).
Edit: Updated/expanded on.
It's a bit difficult, as there is not one you can use as a catch-all, however even native danes mix up tale and snakke, where tale is more formal and snakke is more casual (generally). I think in most cases you can get away with saying "snakke", however you have to use fortælle if you are telling a story, none of the others would work.