"This is philosophy."
Translation:Αυτή είναι η φιλοσοφία.
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2020-03-10 It's accepted by DL. But the problem now is to understand what is exactly the difference in meaning between the two versions (with or without η). And even to understand the nuance with the same sentence starting with αυτό.
This is philosophy can have different meanings depending on the context. For instance:
- (1) A teacher is explaining a Plato's book must not be read like a novel. This is philosophy, not litterature.
- (2) This is philosophy for sure, but I don't agree with what you're saying.
- (3) This is philosophy, you're living in the clouds. Please consider the real world!
"Αυτή" directly refers to the noun. "Αυτό" is supposed to be followed by an omitted word, such as "thing"/"material"/"concept" or something like that. "This, kid, is philosophy" would be a good example of a sentence, I believe.
I'd say the translation without the article is better in this exercise. The article would be used in sentences like "This is the philosophy of our company/behind our success/of the game".
then what does η mean here?
It's the definite article.
If you were to translate literally, the two expressions would be "this the philosophy" and "this is the philosophy".
But in English we don't use the definite article with "this" and "that", so αυτή η φιλοσοφία is just "this philosophy" in correct English.
And we use the definite article with abstract nouns less in English than in Greek, so αυτή είναι η φιλοσοφία is also best translated just as "this is philosophy".
In english "This is philosophy" means the concept of philosophy as well as this (what you said) is philosophy. So in the answer in Greek, should be accepted both with or without the article although we all know that they mean the concept of philosophy thus the correct should be "Αυτή είναι η φιλοσοφία"
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