Translation:I am showing the jacket to the sister.
Yes and no. It COULD be read as equivalent to "Ich zeige die Jacke dem Bruder" (yes, this structure IS possible with "zeigen"…), so it's the same meaning as above. OR it could be equivalent to "Ich zeige die Jacke des Bruders" (hence, of the brother). Genitiv and Dativ look the same for feminine nouns.
No, not among any German speakers I know.
A friend of mine might say that when she speaks German but she is a native Slovak speaker and this is probably a transference from that language (i.e. using "the father" or "the sister" etc. to mean "my father" and "my sister" etc.).
It's just about "the person whom we had spoken about earlier ('the') and who is a female sibling of someone ('sister')".
Perhaps you had been talking about a boy and girl who were siblings. You showed the brother a dinosaur and you showed the sister a jacket.
- ich - subject - nominative case
- zeige - verb - in second position; ending matches the subject ich
- der Schwester - indirect object - dative case (she is indirectly affected by the action; she is the "recipient" of showing)
- die Jacke - direct object - accusative case (directly affected by the action; the thing that is being shown)
If the direct and indirect object are both nouns or noun phrases, as in this sentence, the indirect object comes first.
These sentences where someone is showing an object to someone tends to follow the structure:
"[subject] ziege/zeigt/ziegen DER [recipient] DEN [object]
Why, in this case, is it "DIE Jacke?" And not "DEN Jacke"
Die Apfel for instance, uses Den Apfel in this kind of sentence. Why is Jacke different?
The structure is not "DER recipient DEN object" but "[recipient - in dative case] [object - in accusative case]".
der is the article for feminine nouns in the dative case, but for masculine or neuter nouns you would see dem, and for plural ones den.
den is the article for masculine nouns in the accusative case, but for feminine nouns you would see die, for neuter ones das, and for plural ones die.
Here, Schwester is feminine so that word has the feminine dative article der, but Jacke is also feminine so it has the feminine accusative article die.
Apfel, on the other hand, is masculine, so when it is the direct object you will see den Apfel.
If someone shows a boy a horse, you might see zeigt dem Jungen das Pferd "shows the boy the horse" with masculine dative dem and neuter accusative das.
I guess you already know about the tips & notes pages on Duolingo itself? https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Dative-Case/tips-and-notes
I'm a little surprised this hasn't come up yet, but is it common to use a definite article for family members rather than a possessive one? Since the speaker is the subject of this sentence, is it assumed that the speaker is referring to his or her relation? Or would this actually translate directly, as a colloquial term for a woman or girl that the speaker feels some affinity or connection to? Because that's the only way this sentence makes any sense in English. It's not grammatically correct to refer to a familial relation without specifying who the relation is to in English.
As in English, die Schwester means "the sister" rather than "my sister/your sister/etc.".
So this sentence would make most sense in the context of a situation such as "I saw two siblings, a girl and a boy. I showed the sister the jacket and I showed the brother a shoe".
Not a big difference, no, just as there's not a big difference between "I have a ball" and "I a ball hav" -- but only one of them is correct.
We accept "I am showing the sister the jacket" or "I am showing the jacket to the sister", but not "I am showing to the sister the jacket", and no sentence that uses the word "showin".
please explain, if you know, the difference between "I am showing the jacket to the sister" to "I am showing the sister the jacket"????????? because yr so called learning skills are unfathomable to me!!
is it to do with the sister being feminine so should use die, & the jacket being masculine, so use der?????????????
die Schwester is feminine.
die Jacke is also feminine.
Jackets are not masculine -- they're objects.
Please remember that grammatical gender is attached to German words, not to objects, concepts, or English words.
Next, look at the idea of showing.
What is the direct object? What "suffers" or "undergoes" the showing? What is being shown? It's the jacket.
So die Jacke has to be in the accusative case -- which is also die Jacke. (Accusative and nominative case always look the same in German, except for masculine words.)
And what is the indirect object? Who is the "recipient" of the showing? The women.
So die Schwester has to be in the dative case -- which is der Schwester.
Thus Ich zeige der Schwester die Jacke.
the speaker runs the word for the into the word for sister. Please have yr speakers be articulate
Try using this link. There's a helpful chart on this site https://www.lsa.umich.edu/german/hmr/Grammatik/Basic_Chart.html
Also, here is a free grammar workbook http://www.prsformusicfoundation.com/docs/408/Schenke%20-%20Seago%20-%20Basic%20German.pdf
Both of these tools have been helping me a lot.
I don't think you can "point something to someone".
You can "point something AT someone" (e.g. point a gun at a robber), but that's a different verb in German.
"to point at something" is auf etwas zeigen. But there is no auf here.
jemandem etwas zeigen is to show someone something. Not "to point someone something" (which doesn't even work in any variety of English that I know).
You can point out something to someone, as in "Hey, look at that jacket!". At any rate, the English sounds a little odd, since we usually don't say "He shows the sister something", unless the "sister" is a nun or, sometimes, a member of a sorority. Otherwise, if "sister" refers to a sibling, then we'll use a possessive with "sister", such as "his sister", "his friend's sister", etc.
In this case, it's used for an indirect object, like saying "to (the)..."
For example: I gave the dog a bone = I gave a bone to the dog.
I gave my mother a present = I gave a present to my mother
Dative is also used to show location when no action is involved. For example, "I am in the park."
Also, there are several prepositions that always take the dative-- aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu.
In the dative case, "der" and "das" become "dem"; "die" (singular) becomes "der"; and "die" (plural) becomes "den".
It’s a good idea to read the lesson notes before starting the exercises. https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Dative-Case/tips-and-notes