Translation:I am showing the jacket to the sister.
Would "Ich zeige die Jacke der Schwester" make "der Schwester" genitive case?
Yes and no. It COULD be read as equivalent to "Ich zeige die Jacke dem Bruder" (yes, this structure IS possible with "zeigen"…), so it's the same meaning as above. OR it could be equivalent to "Ich zeige die Jacke des Bruders" (hence, of the brother). Genitiv and Dativ look the same for feminine nouns.
It has two complements, one for the direct object (die Jacke, accusative) and one for the indirect object (der Schwester, dative). It is "show something (accusative) to someone (dative)".
It can mean that in certain contexts. But generally it just refers to a female sibling.
No, not among any German speakers I know.
A friend of mine might say that when she speaks German but she is a native Slovak speaker and this is probably a transference from that language (i.e. using "the father" or "the sister" etc. to mean "my father" and "my sister" etc.).
It's just about "the person whom we had spoken about earlier ('the') and who is a female sibling of someone ('sister')".
Perhaps you had been talking about a boy and girl who were siblings. You showed the brother a dinosaur and you showed the sister a jacket.
These sentences where someone is showing an object to someone tends to follow the structure:
"[subject] ziege/zeigt/ziegen DER [recipient] DEN [object]
Why, in this case, is it "DIE Jacke?" And not "DEN Jacke"
Die Apfel for instance, uses Den Apfel in this kind of sentence. Why is Jacke different?
The structure is not "DER recipient DEN object" but "[recipient - in dative case] [object - in accusative case]".
der is the article for feminine nouns in the dative case, but for masculine or neuter nouns you would see dem, and for plural ones den.
den is the article for masculine nouns in the accusative case, but for feminine nouns you would see die, for neuter ones das, and for plural ones die.
Here, Schwester is feminine so that word has the feminine dative article der, but Jacke is also feminine so it has the feminine accusative article die.
Apfel, on the other hand, is masculine, so when it is the direct object you will see den Apfel.
If someone shows a boy a horse, you might see zeigt dem Jungen das Pferd "shows the boy the horse" with masculine dative dem and neuter accusative das.
I think that the dative plural is den :) Ich gebe den Frauen das Geschenk
Jacket is feminine die Jacke and apple is masculine der Apfel. When Apfel uses die, it is plural - die Äpfel. In the accusative case, the masculine article der changes to den while feminine and neuter stays the same.
Because she is the "recipient" or indirect object of the showing and is therefore in the dative case.
The dative case of die Schwester is der Schwester.
Can someone suggest a website where I can learn more about the Dative cases. I am a little weak on this?
I guess you already know about the tips & notes pages on Duolingo itself? https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Dative-Case/tips-and-notes
I'm a little surprised this hasn't come up yet, but is it common to use a definite article for family members rather than a possessive one? Since the speaker is the subject of this sentence, is it assumed that the speaker is referring to his or her relation? Or would this actually translate directly, as a colloquial term for a woman or girl that the speaker feels some affinity or connection to? Because that's the only way this sentence makes any sense in English. It's not grammatically correct to refer to a familial relation without specifying who the relation is to in English.
As in English, die Schwester means "the sister" rather than "my sister/your sister/etc.".
So this sentence would make most sense in the context of a situation such as "I saw two siblings, a girl and a boy. I showed the sister the jacket and I showed the brother a shoe".
Not a big difference, no, just as there's not a big difference between "I have a ball" and "I a ball hav" -- but only one of them is correct.
We accept "I am showing the sister the jacket" or "I am showing the jacket to the sister", but not "I am showing to the sister the jacket", and no sentence that uses the word "showin".
- ich - subject - nominative case
- zeige - verb - in second position; ending matches the subject ich
- der Schwester - indirect object - dative case (she is indirectly affected by the action; she is the "recipient" of showing)
- die Jacke - direct object - accusative case (directly affected by the action; the thing that is being shown)
If the direct and indirect object are both nouns or noun phrases, as in this sentence, the indirect object comes first.
How do you say I am showing the jacket to the sisterS
Would the pleural of sister get an n ending : schwestern??