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French conjugations (present of indicative)

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French verbs are conventionally divided into three conjugations ("conjugaisons").

The first two groups follow a regular conjugation, whereas the third group follows an irregular one.

1st GROUP : verbs ending in "-er" (except aller).

ex: "manger" (to eat) : Je mange; Tu manges; Il/Elle mange; Nous mangeons; Vous mangez; Ils/Elles mangent.

2nd GROUP : verbs ending in "-ir", with the gerund ending in -issant.

ex: "finir" (to finish) : Je finis; Tu finis; Il/Elle finit; Nous finissons; Vous finissez; Ils/Elles finissent.

3rd GROUP :

  • In the present of indicative, most of 3rd group verbs have the following endings:

    -s -s -t -ons -ez -ent

    ex: "boire" (to drink): Je bois; Tu bois; Il/Elle boit; Nous buvons; Vous buvez; Ils/Elles boivent.

    ex: "partir" (to leave) : Je pars; Tu pars; Il/Elle part; Nous partons; Vous partez; Ils/Elles partent.

  • The verbs ending in "-dre" have the following endings:

    -ds -ds -d -ons -ez -ent

    ex: "vendre" (to sell): Je vends; Tu vends; Il/Elle vend; Nous vendons; Vous vendez; Ils/Elles vendent.

    Except for verbs ending in "-aindre", "-eindre", "-oindre", "-soudre", such as "craindre" (to fear), "peindre" (to paint), "joindre" (to join), "résoudre" (to solve), which follow the general rule (-s -s -t -ons -ez -ent).

  • The verbs "pouvoir" (can), "vouloir" (to want), and "valoir" (to be worth) have the following ending:

    -x -x -t -ons -ez -ent

    ex: "vouloir": Je veux; Tu veux; Il/Elle veut; Nous voulons; Vous voulez; Ils/Elles veulent.

  • The verbs "ouvrir" (to open) and "cueillir" (to pick) have the same ending as the 1st group verbs:

    -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent

    ex: "ouvrir": J'ouvre; Tu ouvres; Il/Elle ouvre; Nous ouvrons; Vous ouvrez; Ils/Elles ouvrent.

  • The verb "aller" is the only verb ending in "-er" that belongs to the third group.

    "aller": Je vais; Tu vas; Il/Elle va; Nous allons; Vous allez; Ils/Elles vont.

In French, there are 2 verbs that can be used as auxiliary verbs (i.e. in front of another conjugated verb, in compound tenses): "être" and "avoir":

  • "être" (to be) : Je suis; Tu es; Il/Elle est; Nous sommes; Vous êtes; Ils/Elles sont.

  • "avoir" (to have) : J'ai; Tu as; Il/Elle a; Nous avons; Vous avez; Ils/Elles ont.

February 12, 2013



Merci, Remi , votre résumé des conjugaisons est parfait.


Merci beaucoup!! My daughter has tried to explain this but now I can read and hopefully retain. Adding this to my notebook tonight!


Thanks for the help was really helpful Remy :D


This really helped me in my mistakes in the exams, thanks so much. I will give you 2 lingots for this. :)


An awesome explanation! Thanks!


this is so awesome, thx alot


dont get the difference between the verb conjugations for partir and finir?


Partir - Pars ( -ir get cut out) and there is an "s" intead of "t" at Je pars, and Tu pars

Il/Elle part; Nous partons; Vous partez; Ils/Elles partent.

Words with similar conjugations: sortir, dormir

While Finir - Finis ( only the -r changes) Je finis; Tu finis; Il/Elle finit; Nous finissons; Vous finissez;

Ils/Elles finissent. - look at the plural personal pronouns ( fini get a double "ss". )

Words with similar conjugation:

remplir to fill

démolir to demolish

choisir to choose

obéir to obey

punir to punish

réussir to succeed

réfléchir to reflect

élargir to widen

bâtir to build


Thank you Teşekkürler


So helpfull!! Thank you so much!!


C'est très bien. Merci beaucoup !


Wow complicated thanks 4 the help tho


Hello, in the third group the termination -ir, it is repeated, what is mean of that? Would be of much help. A huge thanks...


Wow, how easily written. But incredibly difficult to learn


I agree, loving learning French, but congugation is my nightmare


This is the best explanation I have found as I try to learn French. Jay Jay

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