Could someone please give me the ordered conjugations of this verb in past? please.
Εγώ ήμουν, Εσύ ήσουν , Αυτός ήταν(ε), Εμείς ήμασταν/ήμαστε, Εσείς ήσασταν/ήσαστε, Αυτοί ήταν(ε)
Does anybody know the reason why ει changes to η (from present to past)?
Simply based on other patterns I have observed, it seems that ήσουν should be the verb form for αυτοί/αυτές/αυτά (so "they were"), but it is not...anyway, is ήσουν for εσύ or εσείς ?
- εγώ ήμουν
- εσύ ήσουν
- αυτός, αυτή, αυτό ήταν
- εμείς ήμασταν
- εσείς ήσασταν
- αυτοί, αυτές, αυτά ήταν
είμαι inflects similar to passive verbs, so the -ουν = αυτοί ending from active verbs is a red herring.
The past tense is similar to the imperfect of passive verbs, e.g. βρισκόμουν "I was found", βρισκόσουν "you were found".
Great answer.^.^ Just a note here:
1st and 2nd Plural could also be
This is the original "literary" form, but it slowly was changed to ήμασταν and ήσασταν, in order not to be confused with the Present είμαστε and είσαστε. ^.^
The suffix -αν in the Past test is idiomatic and used in many areas, rural mostly, φάγαμαν instead φάγαμε. Τhe form ήσαντε instead of ήταν(ε)/ήσαν(ε) is usual in some areas in Peloponnese. http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/studies/dialects/thema_b_5_1/index.html
Indeed, great answer! Very helpful for a learner like me. Ευχαριστώ πολύ!