Format of suffixes in Tips Section
Hi, could someone explain the format of things like -(n)In, -lAr, -(y)A, -lI, -DA –CA in the tips sections. Thanks
Since this post is about Turkish, could you move it to the Turkish forum? More of the people who are interested in Turkish will see it there, and it will help keep this forum easy to navigate for those who aren't currently studying Turkish.
Don't delete it and create a new one, just click edit, and change the topic from Duolingo to Turkish. Here's a guide on how to move a post: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/16609773.
Basically, what do each of the letters represent. Are they as follows: is the letter in the brackets() the buffer consonant, is the capital A the form of the vowel harmony, what is the ll? Thanks
The small n-dash before the suffix means it's added to the end of the word. (As opposed to PREfixes like anti-, gayri-, na- etc. but they're irrelevant in this course.)
The letter in parentheses () is used when the word ends in the opposite letter. So if you see a consonant in brackets, you're going to use it if the word ends in a vowel. And vice versa: if you see a vowel in brackets, it's triggered when the word ends in a consonant.
As to the uppercase letters. It's just a convention. I don't really like that system, but I guess most learners prefer it. For example, if you see an "A", you should know that it can be an E too. So just two options. On the other hand, if you see an "I" (that's an upper case ı by the way, not a lowercase L), it comes in three more forms. It can become i, u, ü. The -lI is an L and an ı (Duolingo's font is not very obvious). So that suffix can be: Lı, Li, Lu, Lü depending on what you're adding it to.
Sometimes you'll see consonants that are uppercase. There are theoretically four of them, but in practise, you'll only have to worry about C and D. They can become Ç and T if the word ends in one of the 8 consonants: k, t, ç, p, f, s, ş, h. Otherwise they remain as C and D.
So, in summary, if you see -D(I) for example, know that it can be: -dı, -di, -du, -dü, -tı, -ti, -tu, -tü.