Translation:He is not a girl, she is not a boy.
yeah I have just wanted to ask the same question... Does a gender have its own conjugated form in the third person?
No, "este" is the more proper form, while "e" is just a shortened one. Both are correct.
Oh I see ! Thank you so much! The same thing happens in Slavic languages... I mean, this abbreviation of the verbs.
That's really interesting! In that case, it's very likely that's where Romanian gets that from since I don't think it's common in other Romance languages.
Romanian is 85% Romance and 15% Slavic, and the only Romance language with 3 genders and 3 cases, similar to Slavic. Also some vowel sounds are similar to Slavic vowel sounds, like the a in barbat.
So would be right to say both "El nu este o fată, ea nu este un băiat" or "El nu e o fată, ea nu e un băiat"?
As a learner of Italian and Spanish, I'll have to get used to hearing "o" as an indefinite article.
I feel the same. Being a native speaker of portuguese, an understander of italian, and acquainted to spanish, I'll have to get used to "o" in romanian not only as an indefinite article, but also as a feminine one. In portuguese, "o" is the definite, masculine article.
Is it really considered correct to use both “este” and “e” in the same sentence like this?
Yes, they mean the same thing, E is just a short form of ESTE. You can use both in informal language, however in formal only ESTE.
How is that 'E' pronounced? Like as in 'ay' from 'day'? Also, do you know if there is a Romanian accent put on it to indicate it it as shorter form of 'este'?
is like Yes, without S. And no, if you see E it can't mean another word.
Thank you Simona! I was really off by pronouncing the 'E' as 'ay' in day :)))
Can someone explain why we use two words for a like "e" and "o" together or "e" and "un"? How do I know when to use which ones?
E and ESTE are verbs. O and UN are articles. O is for feminine and UN is for masculine
E= este → Is verb
o → an, a indefinite article for feminine words
un → an, a indefinite article for masciline words
So it's "El" for fem. and "Ea" for masc. Is that only when theyre saying not or can you use it when ever
Baiat means only Boy. You can't go to a 35-years-old man and call him 'baiat'. :)
Baiat sounds like "boy at" and means boy. Man is barbat, they are similar but you can hear a difference
He is not a girl, she is not a boy. That would be translation but it threw a "and" in there
Im confused lol. There is este, esta, esti so far and i font get what is for what... then theres the El which seems to go for both he and she?
Short answer: "El" is he, "ea" is she. Este/e is 3rd person singular present tense - he or she is. Ești (it is ș not s) is 2nd person singular present tense - you are. I am not sure where you saw "esta" (as far as I know that isn't part of the verb a fi (to be) in any tense).
The full present tense for a fi (to be) is:
eu sunt - 1st Singular (Sg) - I am
tu eşti - 2nd Sg - You are
el/ea este (or e) - 3rd Sg - he/she is (also use for it is)
noi suntem - 1st Plural (Pl) - we are
voi sunteţi - 2nd Pl - you (plural) are
ei/ele sunt - 3rd Pl - they are (ei is used for groups of all male or mix genders, while ele is used for all female groups)
"Sînt" is older and depreciated form of "sunt" in both 1st sg and 3rd pl, and although it isn't used on Duolingo, you might see it elsewhere, especially in older sources or older people using it. For example, Sebastian Stan, the actor, still uses the old form because he left Romania just before the spelling was changed to "sunt". I believe though that it's still pronounced the same as sunt.
"E" is just a contraction of "Este" and they are totally interchangeable, although "e" is a little less formal - very similar to "it's" versus "it is".
With many verbs you don't need to use the pronoun (i.e. eu, tu etc) as you can tell what "person" the verb is based on its spelling. For example, saying "ești" would automatically tell you that it it 2nd person singular, "you are".
Similarly, sometimes you can tell from context. With 3rd person singular "este" you might think you always need the pronoun, but sometimes context makes it clear without it. For example "Este bun" or "Este un băiat" would automatically tell you that in that context, "este" means "he is" because bun is the masculine form of "good" and un băiat is "a boy". Similarly "Este bună" or "Este o fată" would tell you that means she is, because they are the feminine form of "good" and "a girl" respectively. If you wanted to say she is a boy, or you want to be clear, then you would use "el" or "ea" to clarify. "Este" can also mean "it is" too - so "Este mare" could mean any of "he/she/it is big".
The same is true for telling whether sunt, without a pronoun, means "I am" or "they are". Sometimes you just need to use a pronoun but often, the rest of the sentence or wider context would make it clear. "Sunt o fată" would make it clear that it means "I am" because "o fată" means "a girl", which is singular. Similarly "Sunt fete" would tell you that it means "they are, because "fete" means "girls", plural. Again, if you wanted to say, for example, "I am many girls", you would probably have to use the personal pronoun to be absolutely clear, though again, wider context might make it implicitly clear, if you were having a longer discussion about yourself, for example, rather than a single standalone phrase/sentence. The same works for adjectives, as with 3rd singular - "Sunt bun" or "Sunt bună" would be "I am good" because those are the masculine singular and feminine singular forms of "good" respectively, and "Sunt buni" or "Sunt bune" would be "They are good" because those are the masculine or mixed group and feminine plural forms of "good" respectively.
Sorry if that is way more information that you needed!