"El nu este o fată, ea nu e un băiat."

Translation:He is not a girl, she is not a boy.

November 16, 2016

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how come the "este" changes to an "e" ?


yeah I have just wanted to ask the same question... Does a gender have its own conjugated form in the third person?


No, "este" is the more proper form, while "e" is just a shortened one. Both are correct.


Oh I see ! Thank you so much! The same thing happens in Slavic languages... I mean, this abbreviation of the verbs.


That's really interesting! In that case, it's very likely that's where Romanian gets that from since I don't think it's common in other Romance languages.

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    Romanian is 85% Romance and 15% Slavic, and the only Romance language with 3 genders and 3 cases, similar to Slavic. Also some vowel sounds are similar to Slavic vowel sounds, like the a in barbat.


    yes! That abbreviation is the case in almost every slavic language


    The three genders in Romanian come from Latin, and the grammar associated with them. Many nouns have a different gender in the Slavic languages but the same in Latin.


    So would be right to say both "El nu este o fată, ea nu este un băiat" or "El nu e o fată, ea nu e un băiat"?


    Yes, It is like you say: " I am a boy and you are a girl" Or we say: "I'm a boy and you're a girl" They have the same meaning. "E" is just the abbreviation of "este"


    That is great! Thanks for the example !


    As a learner of Italian and Spanish, I'll have to get used to hearing "o" as an indefinite article.


    I feel the same. Being a native speaker of portuguese, an understander of italian, and acquainted to spanish, I'll have to get used to "o" in romanian not only as an indefinite article, but also as a feminine one. In portuguese, "o" is the definite, masculine article.


    Yes, "e" is a shorter (informal and more common) form for "este".


    Is it really considered correct to use both “este” and “e” in the same sentence like this?


    Yes, they mean the same thing, E is just a short form of ESTE. You can use both in informal language, however in formal only ESTE.


    How is that 'E' pronounced? Like as in 'ay' from 'day'? Also, do you know if there is a Romanian accent put on it to indicate it it as shorter form of 'este'?


    is like Yes, without S. And no, if you see E it can't mean another word.


    Thank you Simona! I was really off by pronouncing the 'E' as 'ay' in day :)))


    Can someone explain why we use two words for a like "e" and "o" together or "e" and "un"? How do I know when to use which ones?


    E and ESTE are verbs. O and UN are articles. O is for feminine and UN is for masculine


    E= este → Is verb

    o → an, a indefinite article for feminine words

    un → an, a indefinite article for masciline words


    He is not a girl, she is not a boy. That would be translation but it threw a "and" in there


    Why ‘e’ why not ‘ește’.


    Both are correct


    "e" or "este", both are correct. "ește" does not exist.


    Like BrasovDesign says, the "este" (he/she IS) doesn't use the accent mark under the "s."

    But you would add that accent if using "esti" (you ARE).

    Also, yeah, este = es. But este is used in formal speech. Duolingo is just trying to teach you both simultaneously.


    Im confused lol. There is este, esta, esti so far and i font get what is for what... then theres the El which seems to go for both he and she?


    Short answer: "El" is he, "ea" is she. Este/e is 3rd person singular present tense - he or she is. Ești (it is ș not s) is 2nd person singular present tense - you are. I am not sure where you saw "esta" (as far as I know that isn't part of the verb a fi (to be) in any tense).

    Long answer:

    The full present tense for a fi (to be) is:

    eu sunt - 1st Singular (Sg) - I am

    tu eşti - 2nd Sg - You are

    el/ea este (or e) - 3rd Sg - he/she is (also use for it is)

    noi suntem - 1st Plural (Pl) - we are

    voi sunteţi - 2nd Pl - you (plural) are

    ei/ele sunt - 3rd Pl - they are (ei is used for groups of all male or mix genders, while ele is used for all female groups)

    "Sînt" is older and depreciated form of "sunt" in both 1st sg and 3rd pl, and although it isn't used on Duolingo, you might see it elsewhere, especially in older sources or older people using it. For example, Sebastian Stan, the actor, still uses the old form because he left Romania just before the spelling was changed to "sunt". I believe though that it's still pronounced the same as sunt.

    "E" is just a contraction of "Este" and they are totally interchangeable, although "e" is a little less formal - very similar to "it's" versus "it is".

    With many verbs you don't need to use the pronoun (i.e. eu, tu etc) as you can tell what "person" the verb is based on its spelling. For example, saying "ești" would automatically tell you that it it 2nd person singular, "you are".

    Similarly, sometimes you can tell from context. With 3rd person singular "este" you might think you always need the pronoun, but sometimes context makes it clear without it. For example "Este bun" or "Este un băiat" would automatically tell you that in that context, "este" means "he is" because bun is the masculine form of "good" and un băiat is "a boy". Similarly "Este bună" or "Este o fată" would tell you that means she is, because they are the feminine form of "good" and "a girl" respectively. If you wanted to say she is a boy, or you want to be clear, then you would use "el" or "ea" to clarify. "Este" can also mean "it is" too - so "Este mare" could mean any of "he/she/it is big".

    The same is true for telling whether sunt, without a pronoun, means "I am" or "they are". Sometimes you just need to use a pronoun but often, the rest of the sentence or wider context would make it clear. "Sunt o fată" would make it clear that it means "I am" because "o fată" means "a girl", which is singular. Similarly "Sunt fete" would tell you that it means "they are, because "fete" means "girls", plural. Again, if you wanted to say, for example, "I am many girls", you would probably have to use the personal pronoun to be absolutely clear, though again, wider context might make it implicitly clear, if you were having a longer discussion about yourself, for example, rather than a single standalone phrase/sentence. The same works for adjectives, as with 3rd singular - "Sunt bun" or "Sunt bună" would be "I am good" because those are the masculine singular and feminine singular forms of "good" respectively, and "Sunt buni" or "Sunt bune" would be "They are good" because those are the masculine or mixed group and feminine plural forms of "good" respectively.

    Sorry if that is way more information that you needed!


    As far as I remember, "esta" is a Spanish word.


    Would someone use both "este" and "e" in the same sentence like this? It seems to me someone would be speaking either formally or informally.


    How can I know if the work baite refers to "man" or "boy"?!


    Baiat means only Boy. You can't go to a 35-years-old man and call him 'baiat'. :)


    Baiat sounds like "boy at" and means boy. Man is barbat, they are similar but you can hear a difference


    Yea and also, you can connect the words Barbat and man for barbat sounds like barber and that relates to beards which Men get. Bit of a stretch but just something to help u remember :)


    Băiat is the diminutive of bărbat.

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