Another thing to note here: the numbers one and two have masculine and feminine forms (unu/una, doi, două), the other numbers do not.
Since apple is masculine, shouldn't the answer be "doi mere" and not "două mere"?
măr (apple) is not masculine, is neutral. that's why it is un măr/ două mere
So if I write ‘Eu am doi mere.’, then am I correctly saying that I have two apple trees?
That does make it a bit of trick question though, as a learner you see un and think masculine.
Neuter nouns behave like masculine nouns in the singular and like feminine nouns in the plural form. "Măr " (apple as a fruit) is a neuter noun, therefore "un măr", "două mere." However, "măr" can also mean "apple tree." In this case it is a masculine noun: "măr" = apple tree (sg); "meri" = apple trees (pl)
Then wouldn't it be o mar? Accented correctly, of course, but I can't do accents on my laptop.
no no. if the noun is neutral, the first form is masculine (un măr) and the second one is feminine (două mere). there s no rule to see if a noun is neutral, i guess you ll have to learn them all
True. Additionally, all compound numbers ending in 1 or two are gendered, except for 11. 11= unsprezece
Unsprezece fete (eleven girls) // unsprezece băieţi (eleven boys)
12 = doisprezece (masculine) // douăsprezece (feminine).
We say: doisprezece cartofi = twelve potatoes (cartof is a masculine noun)
douăsprezece ouă = twelve eggs (ou is a neutral noun, therefore it behaves like feminine nouns in the plural form and like masculine nouns in the singular form).
That makes so much sense (I like Sesame Street, but I haven't watched it for a while. RIP Jim Henson)
So unlike other RomLangs, Romanian does not use plural -s? Or is only in the case of some endings?
No, Romanian does not use plural -s. I confirmed this with a native Romanian speaker.
Italian is another Romance language that doesn't use the plural -s. An example: Una mela, due mele = One apple, two apples.
The -s for plural is true only for Romlangs above the "LaSpezia-Rimini" line, which means French, Venetian and Castillian to name a few. Under this line the romance languages use the last vowel to tell the number. This is true for Standard Italian, Romanian and Sicilian for exemple.
Actually, no. Venetian doesn't use the -s for plural, nor does Piemontese or Lombard. In fact, I believe no dialect in Northern Italy uses the -s form, save from some very rare ones (like the Walser)
agreed natives sometimes use this to tell the gender so it's quite important in my opinion. it's also easier to memorize than "this word has "
Here's the rule for one-two:
Un - doi --> masculine nouns ("un" for singular; "doi" for plural). Ex: un băiat, doi băieţi
O - două --> feminine nouns ("o" for singular; "două" for plural). Ex: o fată; două fete
Un - două --> neuter nouns ("un" for singular; "două" for plural). Ex: un scaun (a chair), două scaune .
Remember that neuter nouns behave like masculine nouns in the singular and like feminine nouns in the plural.
The Romanian indefinite articles are: un --> singular masculine and neuter nouns
o --> singular feminine nouns
nişte --> all plural nouns
From Vulgar Latin *melum, from Latin mālum. Compare Aromanian mer, Romansch mail, Friulian mêl.
măr n (plural mere)
From Vulgar Latin *melus, from Latin mālus. Compare Italian melo.
măr m (plural meri)
1) apple tree
Romanian use "un"/"o" both for the undefinite article and the numeral "one". When counting, the translation to English probably assumes the numeral.
One apple = un măr
An apple = un măr
One pear = o pară
A pear = o pară
One apple = un măr, unul măr (one=unul) male
An apple = un măr
One pear = o pară, unei pear (one= o =unei) female
A pear = o pară
Sorry, "unul măr" is not correct Romanian.
One apple = un măr
The apple = mărul
"Unui" (masculine/neutral) and "unei" (feminine) are the possessive forms for singular nouns. For example:
maşina unei fete (a girl's car)
maşina unui băiat (a boy's car)
For plural nouns we form the possessive with "unor" regardless of gender:
maşina unor femei = some women's car
maşina unor bărbaţi = some men's car
Unui, unei and unor are possessive indefinite articles. Definite articles are a bit trickier, but indefinite articles are relatively speaking easy.
I have the same question. There was a similar exercise where un was a/an instead of one. Given that DuoLingo doesn't present the grammar rules, it is kind of confusing.
Un is a numeral (meaning one) only when in the frase there is another numeral (over one). If you say "Eu am un măr şi o pară.", un and o are still articles.
Didnt realize apple is neutral first time i did this lesson. Masculine singular feminine plural...
I got a question: why is "un măr, două mere"? "un mar" is masculin and "două mere" is feminin. Why not is "un măr, doi mere" ?
Măr is a neuter noun, and neuter nouns in Romanian behave like masculine in the singular and feminine in the plural. It seems weird at first, but you get used to it.
Here are some examples of words and their plurals:
un copac, doi copaci (m)
one tree, two trees
un măr, două mere (n)
one apple, two apples
o masă, două mase (f)
one table, two tables
This is specific to neuter nouns, and you won't find a noun that behaves like the reverse.
"Un măr" / "doi meri" is possible ONLY when "măr" means "apple tree." In this case, "măr" is a masculine noun (unlike "măr" with the meaning "apple fruit," which is a neuter noun in Romanian as explained above).
one apple tree = un măr
two apple trees = doi meri