Translation:the girl

November 16, 2016

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The ending -a is used with feminine nouns ending in e or ă


Still confused about why this is "the girl" instead of "girl"


girl - fată; the girl - fata


That's a hard one, here is your lingot.


In Arabic, fataa فتى means a boy while ❤❤❤❤❤ فتاة (if we omit the ending sound) means a girl.


So is this more of a spelling lesson rather than pronunciation?


It's both, a and ă are not the same. They create different meanings and also are pronounced differently (just be glad you're not learning french...)


Do all feminine words end like "fată" and "Apă" and then change into "fata" and "apa"? Also how do you tell if a word is masculine or feminine? So how do you know whether to end it with "ul" or "a"?


Words that end in -ă are always feminine, I believe. If it ends in -ă, the ending will be -a for definite article.


How does fată become fata?


the ending letter changes from "ă" or "e" to "a" in feminine words when we speak about a specific thing (definite article).


Fată is the base word for girl. And if you change the ă for a simple a in this case, it translates as the girl. The swap from ă to a is 'the' in english


Do fată and fata sound the same?


No. I didn't study phonetics so I can't tell you the exact sounds but I believe "ă" is pronounced like "er" and "a" like "ah" or "ar".


"ă" is pronounced something like "uh" or the schwa sound, at least I think so.


fată is pronounced as /'fa.tə/ FAH-tuh fata is pronounced as /fa.ta/ FAH-tah


The Duo lesson says a is like "father" and ă is like "above"


are there any definite, or at least geneal, rules to tell if a word is masculine or feminine? Also, do articles ever come before nouns? For example in spanish when we say "un gato" or simply "gato" (a cat) vs "el gato" (the cat). It seemed in the first lesson that when speaking of "a girl", "a boy" etc., that the article came before the noun, but now that we are speaking of a specific person or thing, it is attached to the end?

  1. Nouns ending in a consonant/vowel/semivowel u are almost always masculine or neuter
  2. Nouns ending in ă are feminine with very few exceptions (for example: tată = father ends în but it is a masculine noun)
  3. Nouns ending in stressed a (including those ending in stressed ea or ia) are feminine
  4. Nouns ending in e are generally feminine, but many masculine and a few neuter exceptions exist (for example: frate = brother ends in –e but it is a masculine noun; nume = name ends in –e but it is a neuter noun)
  5. Nouns ending in i are mostly masculine or neuter, with some feminine exceptions (zi = day – is a feminine noun)

The indefinite article (un, o, unui, unei, nişte, unor)
The definite article (-l, -le, -a, -i, -lui, -lor)

The indefinite article is proclitic --- it stands before the noun (o femeie = a woman, un bărbat = a man, o fată = a girl, un băiat = a boy, un copil = a child)
The definite article is enclitic --- it is at the end of the noun (femeia = the woman, bărbatul = the man, fata = the girl)

The zero article is the absence of an article. Example: Eu am apă și vin = I have water and wine


More explanation on how vowel mutation functions as an alternative to an enclitical article.


How is it The girl and not girl

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