1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Romanian
  4. >
  5. "Prietenie sau dușmănie?"

"Prietenie sau dușmănie?"

Translation:Friendship or enmity?

November 19, 2016

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DavidRomanH

I don't think I have ever heard "enmity" used in conversation in British English. For me, it seems like a strange choice for inclusion in duolingo on that basis.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/melba_t

Same for American English.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DavidPering

Fascinating discussions here. "Enmity" is a very literary word in English, though it certainly does exist. "Hatred" is the normal word, I think. (English native speaker)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wainblatrobert

I agree there’s overlap but hatred is ură in day to Day language


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mascha53

Could someone tell me if there is a difference in meaning between ”dușman” und ”vrăjmaș”? My feeling is that ”vrăjmaș” expresses a higher degree of hate while ”dușman” may just be someone who is against me.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wainblatrobert

Vrăjmaș is an archaism. You won't ever hear it outside of folk tales or historical texts. Meaning is identical but maybe more of a political context


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FaizalZahid

I think I can understand why it is archaic. Hindi also has "dușman" as "enemy". Maybe it's Proto Indo-European.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nugo92

Dushman is a persian word, that was borrowed to romanian from turkish. Also I know that hindi borrowed many words from persian.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/crbratu

Probably... In Romanian it has been identified as coming from Turkish in medieval times


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/crbratu

DUȘMÁN, -Ă, dușmani, -e, s. m. și f., adj. 1. (Persoană) care are o atitudine ostilă, răuvoitoare față de ceva sau de cineva, care urăște ceva sau pe cineva; vrăjmaș. 2. Inamic (1) (în război).

VRĂJMÁȘ, -Ă, vrăjmași, -e, s. m. și f., adj. 1. S. m. și f. Dușman; inamic. 2. Adj. (Despre oameni) Dușmănos, învrăjbit. ♦ Rău, crud, câinos, hain. ♦ (Despre locuri, vreme etc.) Primejdios, potrivnic; cumplit, grozav.

I recommend https://dexonline.ro/definitie/vr%C4%83jma%C8%99 you can find there also examples. Yes, both have the same meaning


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TseDanylo

Is enmity "enemy-ship"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Caesar_Imperator

Something like that. Dușmănie could be translated as "hostility" or "animosity".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/8jEZuexx

I don't believe one has to feel hatred, a very strong negative emotion, to feel enmity. It can just be hostility or animosity, as mentioned, or rivalry or conflict.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UlfGManneb

Why not use hostility? Enmity is very archaic.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wainblatrobert

Because hostility ("ostilitate") implies a different connotation. Armies or countries are hostile to each other, usually tied to an even or place in time. Dusman can be an enemy but also someone you have a lifelong hatred for, someone you feel deep enmity towards


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UlfGManneb

Re: Enmity: But Sir please! Do you from all the above native British and American speakers not see, that it is not a word used in the normal english of today??

Learn Romanian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.