Dative and Genitive Cases
What do dative and genitive cases mean?
Hallo! The dative case is usually the receiver of the direct object. For example, ich gebe einem Kind einen Apfel, or I give a child an apple. The direct object here is einen Apfel and the indirect object is einem Kind. The genitive case is for showing possession. For example, Er ist der Bruder meines Freundes. The genitive case, for masculine and neuter nouns, add an -s or -es and the article becomes des. For a feminine noun or for plural, it is der. Hope this helps!
I would add that just because English uses a direct object with a verb does not necessarily mean that German does. Helfen (to help) and folgen (to follow) are good examples of this. Both need an indirect object in German despite the fact in English a direct object is used.
- Ich helfe einem Hund. I help a dog.
- Sie folgen dem Hund. They follow the dog.