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  5. "Γράψε το βιβλίο."

"Γράψε το βιβλίο."

Translation:Write the book.

November 22, 2016


  • 1416

There are two second person singular imperatives for write: γράφε and γράψε. Is anyone able to explain the difference between them?


First is Imperative for Simple Present (Προστακτική Ενεστώτα, γράφε) and second one is for Simple Past (Προστακτική Αορίστου, γράψε.)

(Also for me, γράψε shows less length of time and is less general than γράφε.

Γράφε καθαρά - Write neatly (in general, imp. of simple present)

Τρώγε αργά - Eat slowly (imp of simple present)

Γράψε τον αριθμό του τηλεφώνου μου - Write my phone number down. (right now, imp. of simple past)

Φάε το γεύμα σου πριν κρυώσει - Eat your meal before it gets cold (imp. of simple past))

I hope I helped you a bit ^.^


May I suggest that this information be added to the Notes & Tips section for the Imperative skill? That section is currently almost empty. It doesn't even explain that there are two tenses of imperative in Greek, much less explain what each tense is used for.

  • 1416

You really did Dimitra, thank you so much!


I'm glad I did, you're welcome ^.^


Wouldn't γράφε be more appropriate here then, since writing a book takes a considerable amount of time?


That's not always the right explanation. It mostly depends on how the speaker perceives the action. But, especially in the imperative mood, the two may overlap. Here, both are accepted and the difference is minimal.


Ευχαριστώ πάρα πολύ! Your explanation is clear and well-spoken.

I finished the Greek core back in January, and moved on to Mondly. I must say that I miss Duolingo, and was happy to see that there was a massive update znd retooling that happened.

I am using the other features more now, and that's how I found this forum!


Dimitra is right! Allow me to borrow her great examples and add that timing also determines the usage:

If you saw someone eating/writing, you would tell them Τρώγε αργά/Γράφε καθαρά (present imperative).

If you saw someone about to eat/write, you would tell them Φάε αργά/Γράψε καθαρά (simple past imperative).

Repetition requires present imperative:

Κάθε φορά που γράφεις/τρως, γράφε καθαρά/τρώγε αργά (Every time you write/eat, write neatly/eat slowly).


I completely agree. You explained it so well, thank you for the additional info! ^.^


L’union fait la force ;-)

  • 1416

Thanks nauajos, that also helps a lot. Much appreciated!


nice! I now I have an idea on when to use them. But is there a way to understand how to build it?


We are posting a discussion on how it's formed soon! I'll let you know as soon as it gets posted, with a link to the discussion ^.^


thank you so much =)


Just an update, you can check out Imperatives formation rules for active verbs in the Tips and Notes, that have just been added here https://www.duolingo.com/skill/el/Verbs%3A-Imperative/tips-and-notes , until that post finally goes up.

(The page might take a while to update, so please check in an hour or so for that, and let us know if nothing new shows up. ^.^)


Wow, thanks nauajos!!! I finally understood the difference :D <3 <3 <3


..., αγαπητέ ΓΡΡΜ!

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