"Can you give me this book back, please?"
Translation:Μου δίνετε αυτό το βιβλίο πίσω, παρακαλώ;
Can you give me this book back, please?=Μου δίνετε αυτό το βιβλίο πίσω, παρακαλώ;=Μπορείτε να μου δώσετε αυτό το βιβλίο πίσω, παρακαλώ;
Both sentences are equally polite and don't use the imperative, whereas "Give me the book back, please=Δώσε/Δώστε μου το βιβλίο πίσω, παρακαλώ" does.
I asked my girlfriend (who is Greek) why "Μπορεις να μου δινεις αυτο το βιβλιο πισω, παρακαλω;" was marked as wrong for me and she said that it sounds like I'm asking it in a way as if I wanted to know if the other person was able to give me the book back on a regular basis (like an on-going event), rather than a one time event.
When you use two verbs in a sentence like this, the second one should be written in future tense, unless you want to convey a continuous event. "I want to read everyday" vs "I want to read (this one time) "
So to imply one action in the near future "can you give me this book (this one time)" you would say " μπορείς να μου δώσεις"
The English translation is one of the worst on here...
Well, the only two options for πίσω here are
"Μου δίνετε/δίνεις πίσω αυτό το βιβλίο, παρακαλώ;" or
"Μου δίνετε/δίνεις αυτό το βιβλίο πίσω, παρακαλώ;"
There is no difference in meaning, but there's nowhere else for you to place it. Δίνω (κάτι) πίσω works just like the phrasal verb give (something) back in English.
So much discussion of politeness in this thread. Duo accepts "μου δίνεις...". Is that impolite in Greek? I remember some mention of using plural for politeness in some earlier lesson, but it didn't sink in. Is it always the case that one can address a single individual using the plural form to indicate respect?
We use the plural for those older than us (one person) or other reasons we want to be polite. Using the singular is not impolite it is simply the one used for acquaintances and those younger than us.
For the second person ("you" form) when referring to one person we use the singular for friends, relatives and those younger than us. If for any reason we want to show respect we use the plural. For example for those older than us.
δινετε is correct which means there's an error with another part of the sentence. You should have made a Report so we could see the whole sentence.
We moderators cannot see your sentence therefore before you posted your comment here you should have made a REPORT.
Here's how to report.
Go to the bottom of the exercise page where you'll see REPORT Click on that:
Then choose what you want to REPORT: (You'll see these to choose from.)
-The audio does not sound correct.
-The dictionary hints on hover are wrong or missing.
-The Greek sentence is unnatural or has an error.
-The "Correct solution" is unnatural or has an error.
-My answer should be accepted. This is the one you should click on if your translation was not accepted.
After choosing the REPORT you want to make you should post on the comment page.
Luckily, you answered so quickly that I had not yet moved away from the graded screen. Therefore, I was able to report it as “my answer should be accepted”
Thanks for the lightning fast reply!
EDIT: I’m guessing that the verb tense for δίνετε is incorrect because I read a comment above that shows δώσετε in its place. But I don’t recall that conjugation.
Your sentence is correct. and I need to apologize.
The various synonyms plus the very fluid word order used in Greek make a great many possible correct translations. There are over 60 possible translations up to now.
Thank you for being so helpful.
From now on I wouldn't only tell learners that there was an error but also that their sentence might not be one of those already in the incubator.
Btw "δώσετε" and also "δώσεις" are correct and are among the many translations.
When you use the weak form of the pronoun before the verb to replace an indirect object, it needs to be in the genitive case, not the accusative. The accusative is used for the direct object. The indirect object is preceded by σε+accusative when after the verb.
Εγώ θέλω αυτό (direct object) = Εγώ το θέλω
Εγώ δίνω αυτό (direct object) σε αυτόν (indirect object) = Εγώ δίνω αυτό (direct object) στον Κώστα (indirect object) = Το δίνω στον Κώστα = Του δίνω αυτό = Του το δίνω.
Of course, we have "επιστρέφετε" and if you had read the other comments on this page you'd have seen that verification. There is also " επιστρέφεις" (the singular form) in other versions.
We do not have "μπορώ" because that means..."I can/Can I" but here we need "Can you.." which is "μπορέις" or "μπορείτετε" and each of the 229 versions of this translation contains either one or the other.
Now, am I to understand that your sentence was not accepted? And you came to the conclusion that the reason was "μπορώ" and/or "επιστρέφετε".
Check out these helpful hints to make learning much easier.
And if your sentence is rejected be sure to make a report.