I thought that adjectives following "d-words" were supposed to loose their last letter. I would have thought that the German phrase would be: "Der Lehrer mag den kleine Hund"... much like "Das weiße Haus"
It which cases does it the adjective lose the last letter?
Christian thank you for this chart but I think germans use simpler method for determining the endings of adjectives!? It is not easy to remember these three big tables. For now we continuously peek to this tables. Do you have any recommendations for remembering?
In all honesty I do not think that Germans even ponder for one second about the adjective endings, since it is their default language they have no need to worry. Maybe they do worry, idk I could be wrong.
Well, my native language is Bosnian which has even more different ways to determine form or ending of an adjective, verb, noun, etc. Everything has to be adjusted to speak correctly, but we talk without carrying around tables simply because it's natural thing to do. Gender of each thing is natural and is easily determined from the object itself. Basically, it's natural feel when you talk, just practice speaking German, maybe read a book or watch movies in German with subtitles and it will come to you.
A "Lehrer" is not a professor. The German for "professor" is "Professor". They're not interchangeable.
Because it's "he likes/the teacher likes" and he is in german "er" so: er mag/der Lehrer mag Ich mag Du magst Er/sie/es mag Wir mögen Ihr mögt Sie mögen