most adverbs are usually in past tense thus this is from the past tense form of verb
Unfortunately, prepositions are so different from a language to another, you cannot find perfect replacements... In general, Dativ case already contains in it the information of somebody who is "receiving" the action, then in many cases the preposition must not be used. To be clearer... I tell a joke(to) you Ich sage dir (Dativ) einen Scherz (Akkusativ).
I am not native, but maybe I can help you, in case send me a message, I will do my best to help, I will study with you!
Perfect explaination. We can tell "meinem" is dativ because of the 'm' on the end. And if we know "meinem" is dativ, the one word alone is all that's needed to communicate "to my". In English the word "my" is no different if we use in dativ, so we have to add the prepostion "to".
Also, I love how German sentences, when translated literally into English, can sometimes sound like "Ye Olde English": I am to my friend committed.
Is the tooltip for "verpflichtet" flipping out for anybody else? It would flicker for me when I hovered the mouse over it.
I think it's an issue of sentences that take multiple lines - any word you hover over on the second line tends to have that problem. Seems like a bug with Duo in general.
By any chance could "verpflichtet" comes before "meinem Freund", like "Ich bin verplichtet meinem Freund"?
I don't think it that will work. One way you can switch the sentence, I believe, is: Verpflichtet bin ich meinem Freund.
"Verplichte", as I think, is a participle form of "Verplichen" - which would mean "(to) commit" I guess.
Usually participle forms begin or contain the particle "ge", however, there are some exceptions (like this one!).
Uh, I thought it was saying "I am my committed friend" because I didn't realize verpflichtet was a verb...lol
Is "verpflichtet" at the end of the sentence because it is the second verb?
In normal main sentences (Hauptsätze) the non-conjugated part of the verb goes to the end.
I am not German, but I am pretty sure about it. :)
- Ich habe einen Apfel gegessen
- Ich werde Dich morgen anrufen
- Der Hauptsatz ist mit dem Nebensatz verbunden
(I hope I didn't make any mistake in the examples!!!)
Here is a good link on word order in German. You need to look at the section on placement of predicate adjectives and dative nouns in the predicate (para. A.I.e & f). In brief, the "verbal idea" they refer to is in this exercise verpflichet sein in which case the adjective goes at the end, whereas the dative noun goes shortly after the verb rather than at the end.