Is this proper
I am in the process of getting adjectives and their ending down. So Is this proper grammar?
я говорю маленький русский
I'm not a native speaker, but I'm pretty sure маленький means "little" in the sense of "small", "a little bit" would be немного (не + много). Also, instead of русский you should say по-русский (= in Russian), so your sentence would be: Я немного говорю по-русский.
Hopefully a native speaker will confirm what I just said, or correct me if necessary.
It is almost correct. "По-русски" is an adverb, there is no need for the letter "й" at the end of this word.