Luxembourgish Lessons #4: Verbs: Present Tense
Welcome to number four of the Luxembourgish lessons. In this lesson will cover verbs in the present tense, where the motto is: "There's an exception to every rule".
Verb conjugation runs similarly to that in German, in which you take the infinitive, find the invariant stem, attach some endings to indicate the person and BAM: verb, conjugated. In most circumstances, it would look something like this:
Spillen "to play"
This system gets a little funky once we get to modal verbs.
This kind of system isn't exactly air-tight, however, for verbs often require the altering of some parts of the stem. For example:
Kommen "to come"
While not so many verbs act this way, determining certain verb forms for certain persons can be tricky. Luckily the website lod.lu allows you to type in a verb and view how it's conjugated for each person (though the site is not limited to verbs!)
No Continuous Aspect
Luxembourgish has no continuous aspect, therefore a sentence such as Ech bezuele fir de Fësch can be translated as "I pay for the fish" or "I am paying for the fish". Something such as Ech si bezuele fir de Fësch does not exist.
- Luxembourgish Lessons #1: Basics
- Luxembourgish Lessons #2: More on the Eifel Rule
- Luxembourgish Lessons #3: Welcome, Hunn, and Predicate Adjectives