https://www.duolingo.com/Dpedrograebin

Doubt about two prepositions

What is the difference between the prepositions στον and στην?

December 3, 2016

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/scarcerer

I assume you have as hard time distinguishing between ο and σ as I do and you actually mean Στον and Στην. In that case, στον is used with masculine singular nouns and στην with feminine singular nouns.

December 3, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Dpedrograebin

Thanks :)

December 3, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo

The preposition is simply σε, and it takes the accusative case.

If you use it together with the definite article, it joins together with them -- so σε + τον = στον, σε + την = στην, σε + το = στο, σε + τους = στους, σε + τις = στις, σε + τα = στα. (Those are masculine singular, feminine singular, neuter singular, masculine plural, feminine plural, neuter plural, respectively.)

So for example στον άντρα, στη γυναίκα, στο παιδί, στους άντρες, στις γυναίκες, στα παιδιά "to the man, to the woman, to the child, to the men, to the women, to the children".

And as την turns into τη before certain consonants, the same happens when σε is attached to its beginning; thus στην Άννα, στην Καίτη, στη Φωτεινή "to Anna, to Katy, to Fotini".

The basic meaning of σε is "on, in, at, to".

Like French à, it can indicate both position or movement; στην εκκλησία can mean either "at church" (position) or "to church" (destination of movement), for example -- Είμαι στην εκκλησία "I am at church", Πάω στην εκκλησία "I am going to church".

December 3, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Dpedrograebin

Thank you so much.

December 3, 2016
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