Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98

î in the middle of a word

LICA98
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 24
  • 21
  • 16
  • 13
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 522

so if you should use â in the middle how come there are many words (names) that have î in the middle (for example Țîru, Hîncesti, Rîșcani) image

5
1 year ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/potestasity
potestasity
  • 21
  • 12
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 6

This rule dates back to only 1993.
Before that, everything was written with "î", except for the name of the country, nationality, and language (and all derived words).
While this reform was pretty drastic, you can imagine that it's quite difficult to change proper names, like going to a person and telling them they should change how they're called. So a lot of names still follow older orthographical conventions.

9
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vygr
vygr
  • 24
  • 7
  • 6

Why did it come to this change in the first place?

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/potestasity
potestasity
  • 21
  • 12
  • 11
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 6

Long story short: out of fanaticism for Latin, to keep more of an etymological spelling.
It's worth bitterly noting that it's not even that good since there are some words which should be spelled with the other letter:
înger - from latin angelus
râu - from latin riverus
etc.

7
Reply21 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/coto.i
coto.i
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 11
  • 1246

Besides the proper names that retain the original spelling, there are also many compound words that are formed by adding a prefix to a word starting with î. They will retain the initial î even though it is not the first letter anymore.

Examples:

  • încredere (trust); NE + încredere = neîncredere (distrust)

  • încărcat (loaded); RE + încărcat = reîncărcat (reloaded); NE + încărcat = neîncărcat (not loaded); PRE + încărcat = preîncărcat (previously loaded)

  • a întâlni (to meet); a RE + întâlni = a reîntâlni (to meet again)

Please note that in the last example there are present both î (first initial letter) and â (in the middle) in the base word and they remain unchanged in the compound word.

0
Reply1 year ago