"The participant reads his first newspaper."
Translation:Der Teilnehmer liest seine erste Zeitung.
It would be absolutely wonderful if the gender was put in the hint with nouns. This would help us to remember if the noun is m/f/n and by selecting the correct the correct das, die, der or what have you we would be better planing the gender in our heads with the word. Because quite honestly this guessing is not achieving what I believe is their goal of teaching me German in a pleasant and effective manner.
Agreed, and it's one of the many small but significant changes I wish Duolingo would take. I've taken to installing the Vocabulix toolbar because guessing something which essentially requires rote memorization is stupid.
And I think also a hint or tooltip saying which case a pronoun? is in would be helpful in aiding comprehension
Why are both "seine" and "erste" feminine. Is there a rule in German grammar that governs this?
Yes a very important one. Zeitung is feminine so sein and erst have to have the feminine (accusative) endings. The fact that sein means "his" has no influence on the endings.
Ok, so basically, possessive articles, and attribute adjectives do not change in the same way, they don't get the same endings. But, they do become qualified by the noun they are describing For instance, "Das ist mein erste Hund". Grammatically, is that right? The way I see it is that we have "der Hund" in the nominative case, and therefore, the possessive article "mein" is used, and the weak inflection of the attributive adjective is used - erste -....
What relevance does the word 'participant' have in this section? Sounds completely random.
Could be a participant at a conference or in a golf competition, who happens to read a few newspapers in the morning
Why not "Der Teilnehmer liest ihm erste Zeitung."?? That says "The participant reads his first newspaper" doesn't it? :/
ihm is the dative form of the personal pronoun es - it means "to him", or other indirect object usages.
The possessive pronoun "his" = sein and its declensions, in this case seine because (die) Zeitung is feminine singular accusative.
90% of the multiple choice questions follow the same pattern of one alternative having something in common with both of the others, and it is overwhelmingly the correct answer. Just try!
why not <die Teilnehmerin liest seine erste Zeitung> we don't know exactly what the man's gender.... as the participant may read her boyfriend's first newspaper