https://www.duolingo.com/xoflram

"Forbi" vs "Bortenfor"

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Both mean beyond/past. Are they synonyms? Can they be used interchangeably or is there a specific use?

Thanks

2 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Mr_Eyl
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Forbi means past, as in "Toget gikk forbi huset."

Bortenfor is better translated as beyond (a long way past, further than forbi)- "Huset ligger bortenfor skogen."

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Windrammer
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Forbi means that something has passed a certain point, infinitely. "Han gikk forbi huset" - He went past the house.

Bortenfor means past a certain point, but it is also aiming to a certain point past the point, finitely. "Han står bortenfor huset" - He's standing just past the house.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/xoflram
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Would it be fair to say that "bortenfor" would be used when comparing the location of two things ('He' and 'the house' in your example) and "forbi" is used otherwise?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Windrammer
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I'd say so, yes. Bortenfor can be used in situation where you imply a specified place, object, or mark of significance, past an certain object. Forbi is mostly, if not exlusively, used with movement.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/xoflram
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Tusen takk!

2 years ago
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