"Please show me the menu."
Translation:S'il vous plaît, montrez-moi le menu.
When using the imperative, the "me" and "te" object pronouns are changed to the stressed pronouns "moi" and "toi".
The imperative is basically giving an order, in contrast to the indicative which indicates how things already are.
In the indicative, you're saying what things are already doing. "I am eating a banana", or "I am playing in the yard."
Now suppose you want someone else to eat a banana, or someone else to play in the yard. How do you say that in English?
- Eat a banana
- Play in the yard
Those are "imperative" sentences. You're no longer stating how things are, you're issuing a command to someone else.
There are 3 people you can directly issue orders to: tu, vous, and nous. In English the tu and vous forms appear identical, but nous will appear with a "let's / let us" in front of the verb, i.e.:
- Let's eat a banana
- Let us play in the yard
Hope that helps!
One of the most helpful comments i have read thus far, absolutely incredible
Yes, though I wouldn't be able to justify my reply (I am French though... :)).
Yes, that's the informal equivalent. Only one thing though: it's "plaît" and not "plait".
Indeed, my bad for not spotting it! Just in case: as a general rule, if the verb ends in ER, then you must use E (e.g. donnER -> donnE-moi) otherwise use S (e.g. attendRE -> attendS-moi).
Thanks for the input. I have trouble remembering conjugations; they're the bane of my existence.
I used the above and was marked wrong. According to the conjugation of the verb montrer, montres is proper for the tu form so I don't understand this.
See Patlaf's reply. It's "montre" and not "montres". I can't recall the rationale for it, but that's how it is (even though we do indeed say "tu montres", but "montre-moi").
It would be OK, I guess. This being said, despite the "s'il vous plaît" (notice the circumflex accent on the "i"), it feels like an order to me.
"S'il te plaît, tu me montres le menu ." I get that this would be pretty rude, but let's say I'm speaking to an irritating child of mine, does it work grammatically to express the idea like that?
Not necessarily rude. It all depends on who you are talking to (it would be fine with kids, friends, relatives, etc.).
This aside, I would personally say "montre-moi" rather than "tu me montres". For your version to 'work', you would need to sound like you are asking a question.
OK, so the difference between "tu me montres" and "montre-moi" would be the same as the difference between "show me" and "you show me" (the latter's use in the imperative sense in English being unusual, and more commonly to be found in the narative/imperative sense, eg You find out how, then you show me). No?
Correct regarding the difference. However, and just in case, "tu me montres" = "you show me" and "montre-moi" = "show me". So, here, you really want to use "montre-moi".
Is there a difference in politeness between Montre-moi le menu, s'il te plaît, and S'il te plaît, montre-moi le menu? They both sound rude to me.
No difference in politeness, no. This aside, in both cases, I would only ever use those sentences with people I know very well. In fact, I would probably never either of those sentences. I would probably something like "Pourrais-tu me montrer le menu s'il te plaît ?" or "Pourrais-tu me donner le menu s'il te plaît ?", but that doesn't correspond to the English version anymore.
Doesn't "menu" mean something different in French than it does in English, such that we should use "carte" here?
Personally, I would always use "menu", no matter what. However, if I want to order wine, then I would (also) ask for "la carte des vins", if I am in a really posh restaurant and that the wine is not listed on the menu (which it is in most restaurants).
When you go to a restaurant, you most likely don't know the waiter/waitress, which means you ought to be formal and this implies using "montrEZ". If you know the person, you would use "montrE".
If you use "vous" (i.e. S'il vous plaît) then the correct conjugation is "montrez". "montre" is for "te".